6 habits of the Soviet person

20-09-2017, 11:05
Surprisingly, the mass of everyday habits, firmly included in our everyday life, is not part of the traditional Russian culture, but appeared only in the times of the Soviet Union.
Tea with sugar and a spoon
6 habits of the Soviet person
Boris Kustodiev. "Merchant for tea”. 1918
Tea started to be consumed in Russia since the 17th century. By the XIX century, this drink was widely distributed among all segments of the population.
The “tea king” of the Russian Empire was Wulf Vysotsky, whose company was one of the largest in the world by the early 1900s.
6 habits of the Soviet person
Wolf Vysotsky
After the 1917 revolution, all the warehouses and factories of Vysotsky’s company were nationalized and handed over to “Tsentrocha”, an organization that distributes tea from confiscated warehouses.
The love of Soviet citizens for this drink was affected by rations with free tea for workers and soldiers. They loved tea and the Soviet leaders - Lenin and Stalin.
6 habits of the Soviet person
However, the tradition of drinking tea in the USSR differed from that adopted in the Russian Empire, where sugar was almost never added directly to a cup,and used a bit of sugar - biting off a little and drinking. This tradition was dictated by the high cost of sugar. In the Soviet Union, sugar has become more affordable, because there is a tradition to add it to tea.
6 habits of the Soviet person
Another detail of the “Soviet” tea party is the habit of drinking tea from a glass without taking out the spoons, since there is no place to put it without a saucer.
Mayonnaise and Soviet cooking
6 habits of the Soviet person
Mayonnaise remains one of the main symbols of Soviet and modern Russian cooking. This sauce was known before (according to legend, it was invented by the chef of the notorious Cardinal Richelieu), but it was the food industry of the USSR that made mayonnaise the most important ingredient in almost any dish.
Mayonnaise helped to create a whole list of new specific dishes, for example, the famous “Olivier” salad, which also appeared before the revolution and was famous for its Soviet mistresses. more affordable - carrots and sausage.
6 habits of the Soviet person
The use of mayonnaise made it possible to cook nourishing food from vegetables and at the same time reduce the cost of preparing the main course, such as meat or poultry.And in the canteens, the strong taste of mayonnaise and the specific texture helped to mask the smell of not-so-fresh vegetables or lightly stale meat.
Today, “Olivier”, “fur coat”, ”mimosa” and other salads continue to occupy a place of honor on any holiday table of almost any Russian family.
By the way, many of the foods we are accustomed to would not have been foreign guests.
Medicine "made in USSR"
6 habits of the Soviet person
Measures to organize affordable medical care for the population were taken as early as in the Russian Empire, for example, the provision on zemstvo institutions raised the question of “custody of public health.”
However, by the beginning of the 20th century, due to wars, epidemics and hunger, an extremely unfavorable health situation had developed, which required drastic measures.
Nikolai Semashko, a doctor and party activist who formulated its main principles: statehood, planning, free of charge, and general accessibility, made a major contribution to the USSR healthcare system.
6 habits of the Soviet person
Nikolay Semashko
The principles developed by Semashko were necessary and relevant for their time, but, as is often the case, they gradually revealed flaws, which we are seeing to this day.
6 habits of the Soviet person
In the Soviet health care system, the pursuit of mass indicators was important, which helped the Soviet Union to quickly come out on top in the world in the number of doctors and hospital beds per capita. This system was designed to work on the planned occupancy of hospitals, which often led and leads to the fact that these same hospitals are overloaded.
Another disadvantage of the system is the attitude towards the patient. The doctor simply does not have time for attentive communication with the patient due to the large flow of people and the abundance of bureaucratic procedures.
"Citizens", "comrades" and "young people"
Before the revolution, personal appeals were used in Russian according to the table of ranks adopted by Peter I (“Your Honor”, ​​“Your Excellency”, etc.), or the “sir” and “madam” forms of appeal.
When referring to an unmarried woman, they used the term “young lady.” When the person’s last name or position was known, the terms “mister” or “mistress” were used, which today are again used in modern Russian business etiquette. If a person wrote himself about himself, he used the estate title: “Petty bourgeois Petrov”.When referring to a group of people, they used the form of “ladies and gentlemen”, which also reached our days.
After the February Revolution, all previous forms of treatment were recognized as bourgeois, and the term “comrade” soon emerged. If the “comrade” committed a wrongful act, then he became a “citizen”
6 habits of the Soviet person
“Citizen” became the official wording for those arrested and detained. So if you were called a “citizen,” wait for trouble.
It was not possible to come up with a neutral way of addressing the Soviet people; therefore, treatment forms based on gender and age were used: "young man", "girl", "man", "woman", which are still used, although hearing.
As a Russian cultural and literary critic Yuri Lotman wrote:
"I can not say that you have to hear such an ugly, terrible treatment, like, say,“ woman ”or“ man. ”This is monstrous, it indicates the destruction of social ritual. After all, shameful profession; decent women never said that. ”
Perfect family
6 habits of the Soviet person
In the 1930s, the image of an ideal Soviet family was formulated: a husband, a wife, and two children of different sexes.For many years, this standard was fixed at the level of mass consciousness with the help of posters, cinema and other agitation.
6 habits of the Soviet person
Vasily Stepanov. "One child is good, two is better!”, 1968
A similar model persists today - according to a survey conducted in 2013 by the Public Opinion Foundation, 54% of respondents are convinced that there should be two children in an ideal family, 27% considered it best to have three children, and only four are ready to become parents 5% of survey participants.
From the point of view of demography, a family is considered complete with three or more children, since two of them are not enough for natural population growth.
Nevertheless, the Soviet image of the family remains to this day.
New Year and "sexual" holidays
6 habits of the Soviet person
The most favorite holiday of Russians - the New Year - was celebrated before the revolution, but before it ended the series of Christmas holidays (until 1919, Christmas was celebrated on December 25, since the country had a Julian calendar). Christmas was banned in 1929, and all paraphernalia was recognized as a symbol of the “bourgeois past.” Since 1935, the government has officially endorsed the New Year as “great fun for children.”In addition, the New Year was an ideologically neutral triumph.
May 9 is considered to be the second most popular national holiday. After all, how is it sung in a famous song: “There is no family in Russia such where your hero would not be remembered.” The holiday “with gray hair on the temples” is honored and celebrated in Russia to this day.
6 habits of the Soviet person
Two “gender” holidays that survived, but changed the original meaning - February 23 and March 8. There is a version that these holidays were introduced to mark the date of the February revolution in the old and new style. and the Navy ”. Since 1993, it has been called “Defender of the Fatherland Day”, although even those who have never served in the army traditionally receive congratulations.
6 habits of the Soviet person
A similar story happened on March 8th. No one remembers that March 8 was the day of the women revolutionary, and women, girls and grandmothers began to congratulate on this day.
6 habits of the Soviet person
An amusing situation has developed since May 1 - the Holiday of Spring and Labor, which is a holiday, but in fact is not celebrated in any way and is considered by the population as a legitimate holiday and the opportunity to open the summer season.

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