About the humiliation of women in Mongolia

Today, a woman in Mongolia is more important than a man, although historically women here have been quite humiliating.
Historically, the position of a Mongolian woman has always been rationalized in two ways: in the family and outside. Family life led to the complete enslavement of women in the family. Not only the daughter, but the pupil was completely liable to the master of the house. True, caregivers have a certain responsibility. When someone gave the daughter for upbringing, and then wants to return her back, then a dozen cows pay for a well-educated girl, and when the girl was brought up poorly, the educators receive only half of the ransom.
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The norms of home punishments are interesting. If the mother-in-law beats his daughter-in-law for the cause, it is nothing, but if he beats innocently, then he must pay the punishment: for a heavy beating, one dozen cows, the average - five cows, for a small one - a cow. If the father-in-law will beat the daughter-in-law, the punishment is twice as much. But the husband is completely free to dispose of his wife. Throwing her, he can kill her. The punishment for this ... again one dozen cows, that is, as many as for the slave slain and half as much as the father-in-law pays for the beaten daughter-in-law.
A woman who was abandoned by her husband can be bought for a small amount of livestock, from one horse and a camel to ten (if she is of noble blood). Who will kill a husband in a fight, gets a wife.
In Zaajin-Bichik (the charter of the Oirat era) the position of a woman guarding the family hearth is emphasized. “When a woman sits in her usual place in a yurt, namely to the right of the entrance behind the hearth at the feet of the master's bed, no one dares to touch her. She can curse someone else, or even throw a log or something from household things at her, when she wants to. But when she disputes from her seat, or leaves the yurt, she loses her right and then she can be punished for insulting her. ”
At the end of the 17th century, northern Mongolia finally fell under the authority of the khans, and they established the khan laws there. Of these three codes, the Mongol law — the Yasi, Zaagin-Bichik, and the Mongol-Oirat Charter — shows the gradual elevation of the woman to the position of slave. Yasa appoints the woman the role of keeper of the home, assistant and representative of her husband. It is assumed the presence of women in the war, and with certain responsibilities in battle. Zaagin-Bichik gives a woman certain rights only when she sits in her place by the fire, that is, when she protects the interests of the family.As soon as she leaves her seat, it is regarded as interference in other matters, and she immediately loses her rights. The orders of the Mongol-Oirat khans see a woman as a creature, having value only as mothers of future men.
Despite the fact that for insulting a woman threatened a serious execution, in the family her husband was a complete lord. He could leave his wife and even kill her. If the wife went away from her husband and to someone else, the husband had the right to take the wife back, and in addition also the livestock of the person to whom the wife went.

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