Action is ... Meaning, synonyms, examples of use
One of the most commonly used terms in the Russian language is the verbal noun “action”. This word has not one, but several meanings, depending on the sphere in which it is used. Let's look at them in more detail.
The meaning of the word "action" as an act of activity
Most often, this term refers to the act of transfiguration as the subject performing the act, the surrounding reality. This happens to achieve a specific goal or fulfill their own duties if the person performing them is an official or another representative of state institutions.
In fact, action is any active, meaningful and purposeful act of a person or a group of people. The main activity for Homo Sapiens is labor, which not only helps to survive, but also contributes to the physical and spiritual evolution of humanity as a whole, and in particular to each of its representatives.
But the execution of an action can pursue a goal both constructive and destructive. The motivation of the actions of a particular person often depends on the system of values and the hardness of the moral principles of the acting person.
Virtually every activity process consists of the following:
- Deciding to do something.
- Start implementing this solution in practice.
- The choice of the ultimate goal of its activities.
- Plan your actions to achieve the desired result.
- The implementation of their plans into reality.
- Analysis of the results, comparing them with the goals and, if necessary, making adjustments to their operations in the future.
What actions are called fighting
As an act of activity, the notion of "hostilities" is widespread. This phrase is called the organized and purposeful use of various types of troops, special services or fire protection of their resources to perform certain tasks, called "combat".
In a simpler formulation, fighting refers to the clash of several opposing sides.In fact, this phrase means war, albeit a small one, but it doesn’t sound so scary, so the media often uses it.
Actions of this kind require their simultaneous implementation at several levels: tactical, operational, and operational-tactical.
Combat and military operations: what is the difference
Often the concept of "fighting" is replaced by the synonym for "military." However, it is not exactly the same. As any military actions, except for the three listed above, also provide for a strategic level of their organization.
In other words, hostilities are an integral part of the military and are distinguished by a smaller scale of assigned tasks and allocated resources for achievement.
Types of fighting
There are several types of such acts. The simplest of them - offensive (attack) and defense (defense).
In recent years, the most common form of war is its hybrid form. For this reason, the pure offensive and defense are rarely used in combat and military operations. More common are their subspecies:
- A counter battle is the answer by attacking the enemy’s offensive actions.
- Trench battleIt is common in the conduct of the so-called "positional warfare", which is characterized by deep-echeloned defense.
- Regrouping Use of various military maneuvers. Most often this is done in order to mislead the enemy and hide the true goals of his actions.
Depending on the location of the hostilities are:
- in the highlands;
- the desert;
- the city.
Also divided into types of military operations and the time of year in which they are carried out.
All these species must be considered at the planning stage of the operation, since each locality at a certain time of the year has its own characteristics. For example, in winter you need white protective suits and warmer clothes. While in summer, the color of the form should be in green tones, and it should not be too hot (to avoid heat stroke), but at the same time dense enough to protect the body of the soldier from dust, minor scratches, insect bites.
Action as a physical quantity
In physics, action is one of the basic values that plays an important role in most of the main theories in all the main branches of this science.
This scalar physical quantity, in essence, plays the role of a measure of motion of a physical system. It is equally often used in quantum, classical and relativistic physics.
The term "action" in mathematics
In the queen of the exact sciences, such a thing as “group action” is common. It can be used to study the symmetries of a certain set of objects using the apparatus of the theory of groups.
There are four types of actions in this value:
- completely discontinuous;
Action in the play
The important role played by this term in drama and stage art. Anyone who has ever been to the theater or read at least one play knows that it consists of acts (this word came from the Latin word actus - “action”). This title is each finished part of any dramatic work.
As a rule, the actions in the performances are separated by intermissions, although sometimes there is only a few minutes between them, during which the stage is closed by a curtain so that the stage workers can quickly change the scenery.
The time of the first appearance of the theatrical concept of “action” is the epoch of ancient Greece, during which time the performing arts arose. Later, the division of the play into action was used by the Romans.It is noteworthy that their performances, as a rule, consisted of five acts.
The most common synonyms for the noun "action"
Since this word has quite a few meanings, an absolute synonym that can be used simultaneously in all fields of application of this concept cannot be matched to it. However, depending on the specific meaning in which it is used, it is possible to choose a contextual synonym for the word “action”.
So, speaking of this term as an act of activity, the use of the following synonyms is permissible: "act", "step", "operation" and "act". As an example, the following sentence with the word "action":
- To increase the company's profit in the first quarter of next year, it is necessary to take some actions (steps, actions, operations), which should also improve the quality of work of all employees..
Speaking of hostilities, you can use the synonym "combat operation", in some cases, "maneuver":
- After successful peace negotiations, hostilities (military operations) in the region were stopped, and both sides laid down their arms.
Sometimes you can replace this phrase with another - "military action".
A 100% synonym for the word “action” in a performance is a noun “act”:
- After the end of the second act (act) of the play “The Barber of Seville, or Vain Precaution” at the theater was an intermission, and we went to drink soda in a buffet.
By the meaning of this noun in mathematics and physics, one cannot find a full-fledged synonym, since in these disciplines the word “action” acts as a scientific term.
In fact, the scope of use of the described noun is much wider. Thus, as an act of activity, “action” is a specialized term of criminal law (the act or inaction of a person leading to a crime), scientific psychology (the process of interacting with someone or something), literature (a structural element of the plot), etc. However, in whatever science this term is used, it is worth remembering that it always denotes certain changes made by someone or even by something. And you should always remember that any action, be it physical or mathematical, always has consequences.