Adenoids in children: what is it?
Many parents experience frequent colds of their babies.
If your child is especially bothered by a stuffy nose and shortness of breath, it may be worth contacting an ENT patient.
And sometimes the doctor diagnoses enlarged adenoids. What it is? And how to help the child?
Adenoids- These are the tonsils located in the nasopharyngeal lymphoid ring. It is located in the upper part of the nasopharynx and performs protective and hematopoietic functions.
Adenoids are laid in the period of prenatal development. And from 6-7 years, as a rule, involution begins (reverse development) of the adenoids. After 15-17 years, adenoids disappear in 80% of people.
But there are exceptions (unfortunately, there are a lot of them now). In children, since birth, deviations in the structure of the lymphatic and endocrine systems can be observed.
Read also:Sinusitis in children: symptoms and treatment
This condition in pediatrics is called lymphatic-hypoplastic abnormality of the constitution. This complex phrase implies under itselfsusceptibility to diseases, including adenoids. Usually, children who are given such a diagnosis are limp, slow-moving, prone to corpulence. They can often hurt, have enlarged lymph nodes.
Besides,some viruses can affect an increase in adenoids. Also, inflammation of the adenoid tonsil can occur after measles, scarlet fever, whooping cough.
Infectious inflammatory process of adenoid tissue calledadenoiditis.
What are the signs?
There is, as called, adenoid type of face. Due to difficulty breathing, the child constantly breathes through the mouth. This habit leads to changes in the facial skull: the upper jaw is pulled out a little, the upper incisors also move forward.
Long mouth breathing leads to abnormal formation of the chest, as well as to frequent bronchitis, pharyngitis, tracheitis, tonsillitis.
Growing up in the nasopharynx, the adenoids create a mechanical obstacle to the advancement of air, the blood circulation of the nasal mucosa is disturbed, which provokes sinusitis and a long course of rhinitis.
The child does not sleep well, the development of all systems is disrupted.
Low ventilation can lead to otitis, hearing loss.
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How to treat?
The ENT doctor deals with the treatment of adenoiditis.
Otolaryngologist of the highest category Kot Vyacheslav Fedorovich advises: Inflammatory, infectious, allergic changes in adenoid tissueeasy and moderateIt is possible to restore with conservative means using traditional medicine preparations (anti-inflammatory, decongestants, general and local antibacterial drugs) and alternative medicine (homeopathic, antihomotoxic drugs, herbal remedies, acupuncture methods).
With a more pronounced degree of damage, conservative measures are combined with procedures (washing the nasopharynx) and physiotherapy methods (laser therapy, ultraviolet irradiation, etc.).
Ifproblem in increasing the volume of the tonsil tissue(hypertrophy 2-3 degrees), then fully correct the situation is possible only by surgery. The most benign and qualitative result of surgical treatment is possible during surgical treatment under endotracheal anesthesia using video endoscopic monitoring of the course of the operation.