Artificial feeding of newborns. What is the best mixture for an infant

No food in the world can be compared with breast milk. It is filled with all the vitamins and useful elements necessary for the baby, and also helps strengthen the immune system and the physical health of the newborn. But what to do if from the very first days of life a baby has refused a breast? And what to feed the baby when there is not enough milk? There is a solution - artificial feeding.

bottle feeding

Are problems with the transition to artificial feeding?

No milk formula can fully replace real breast milk. If the mother of the child for any reason does not have the opportunity to feed him naturally, then artificial feeding will help her. However, the one who thinks that with the transfer of the infant to the mixture at the mother’s mother will decrease worries is greatly mistaken.

On the contrary.Many questions arise for her (and especially for those women in labor in whom this is the first artificial child in the family). How to feed? What to feed? What to breed for a newborn? Is it possible to use cow or goat milk? How to choose a mixture? What types of mixtures are there? In short, the number of pop-up questions simply dizzy. Therefore, we decided to answer the most important and frequently encountered of them. Dispel erroneous myths and give useful advice.

What is the problem of choosing mixtures?

Some 20 years ago it was not at all difficult to choose a mixture for a newborn. It all boiled down to one thing - going to the store. Recall that previously there were only two types of mixtures:

  • "Kid";
  • milk formula "Baby".

Currently, the number of jars and bottles is impressive. From such an extensive list of manufacturers and bright covers just dazzled. But this does not mean that artificial feeding of newborns implies the purchase of the first product you see. On the contrary, pediatric pediatricians, including Dr. Komarovsky, are advised not to rush and not to make spontaneous purchases inspired by advertising or advice from a friend.Choosing baby food is a purely individual process that requires prior consultation with a doctor.

mix for a newborn

What do doctors advise moms?

As we have already said, bottle-feeding of newborns provides for prior consultation with a doctor. What is it for? First of all, so that young and inexperienced moms do not make the most common mistakes. For example, to be safe, some mothers choose the very first mixture of hypoallergenic, soy or lactose free.

According to Dr. Komarovsky, these mixtures are from the “special” series, and artificial feeding of newborns with their use is suitable only in the following cases:

  1. If a child has an allergic reaction to classic milk formulas.
  2. If the baby does not tolerate lactose.

At the same time, only doctors can determine the reason for the appointment of such dry products for children.

What kind of artificial mixtures for children?

In order not to be confused and to choose the right mixture for a newborn, all food and "loose" products are conventionally divided into the following types:

  • adapted;
  • partially adapted;
  • “Subsequent formulas” (used to feed children after a year).

artificial feeding of newborns

Adapted mixtures and their examples

Artificial feeding of the child should be balanced and as close as possible to the natural mother's milk. It is these properties that have adapted mixtures, which include lightweight globulins and albumin, as well as carbohydrates, vitamins and fats, lactulose, lysozyme and others. Often they can be supplemented with bifidobacteria (these compounds are called fermented milk). An example of adapted mixtures are such "dry milk products" as "Piltti", "Nutrilon-1", "Agusha-1", "NAN", "Pre-Hipp" and others.

Partially adapted mixtures: examples

Artificial feeding in a child can be based on partially adapted mixtures. In their composition, as a rule, there is casein. The assimilation of this protein by the child’s body is much slower than when it uses adapted mixtures.

In addition, such compositions do not contain demineralized serum, therefore, they are not considered a complete replacement for breast mother's milk.For example, “Nestozhen”, “Impress”, “Similak”, “Enfamil”, milk formula “Baby”, “Malysh” and others.

Mixes with the "subsequent formula": examples

In addition to infancy (from birth to one year), artificial feeding of a child can be continued even after 12 months. In such mixtures usually add more minerals and useful vitamins, which are necessary for older children (leading an active lifestyle). Such mixtures include: Nutrilon-2, Bebelak-2, Frisomel, Agu-2, and others.

What are specialized mixtures for?

As we mentioned above, bottle-feeding of babies up to one year old and after 12 months may be complicated by certain features of the child’s body (this also applies to premature babies who need specialized care). It is recommended to buy such baby food for children prone to allergies and rashes. For example, "NAS is hypoallergenic." It is also used for congenital or acquired as a result of the disease (for example, after the transfer of an intestinal infection) lactose intolerance. A striking example is “NAS Lactose Free” and “Mamex Lactose Free”.

Also, artificial feeding in children who have refused or weaned may be accompanied by additional congenital abnormalities and diseases (for example, associated with digestion). So babies are encouraged to use a mixture based on soy protein, such as Bona-Soy.

If a breastfed infant lacks iron (with anemia), then he should buy iron-containing mixtures. For example, "Similak with iron."

For children who suffer from frequent regurgitation after eating, it is necessary to buy special anti-reflux mixtures. They contain a certain “thickener” and have a special mark on the front side of the package - “AR”.

infant formula baby

Why is it impossible to buy special mixes for allergies?

Often, parents, seeing a certain reaction (on the body or in the stool of the baby) to artificial feeding in the child, make the wrong conclusions (they assume that this is allergy). However, the signs that often accompany allergic reactions may mean something else. For example, frequent stomach cramps, frustration or constipation, rashes can say:

  • about intolerance to carbohydrates;
  • poor protein tolerance;
  • about violation of fat absorption, etc.

Therefore, when detecting such signs, the best option would be to consult a doctor. If they are really the result of allergies, the doctor will advise you to change the classic mixture used to a special one.

3 rules for the correct choice of mixtures from Komarovsky

In order to avoid any questions about why artificial feeding of constipation, frustration and other troubles to newborns, it is necessary to follow simple rules. And choose the right food. So, the children's doctor Komarovsky recommends buying only those mixtures that will then be easy to find in your country, city. Choose the products that are many in your stores.

In addition, on the packages of mixtures, not only the dosage and instructions for preparation are painted, but there is also an artificial feeding table indicating the weight and age of the child.

And finally, do not buy special mixes for healthy children without good reason!

bottle-fed baby food

Mixtures for children of different ages: how to choose?

Most mixtures have a specific numbering, corresponding to different ages of children.So, the mixes with №1 are intended for babies-artificials from the first days of life and up to 6 months. For example, if the basis of your child's nutrition is artificial feeding (4 months per child), then Nutrilon-1, Hipp-1, NAN-1 and others will suit you.

Mixes with No. 2 are designed for children from 6 to 12 months. Mixes number 3 - for tots over a year. In addition, if the No. 1 dry mixture you use is suitable for your artificial owner, then for reliability, it is better to buy No. 2 and No. 3 of exactly the same brand as the first time.

What to look for when choosing a mixture?

When choosing baby food, be sure to look at its composition. In particular, it is recommended to focus on the advice of your doctor. For example, if, in his opinion, your baby does not have enough protein, then you need to ask the seller what kind of protein is in the mixture. In this case, it is necessary to give preference to the protein-whey fraction.

Look at the amount of fat content. If the child is underweight, it is better to choose food with a large number of fatty compounds. Conversely, if the weight for his age is excessive, choose with a smaller one. Also look at the amount of carbohydrates, iron, trace elements.And most importantly, for a shelf life.

Feeding mode: how to comply?

For your convenience, it makes sense to observe a certain mode of artificial feeding. Thus, the approximate number of feedings per day should not exceed 6-7. Feeding can be done with a break of 3-3.5 hours (with a possible deviation of 30-40 minutes). It also makes sense to feed children on demand.

How much should the baby eat?

The needs of each artificial artist are individual. However, many mommies prefer to make a calculation of the volume of a portion of certain formulas. For example, babies under the age of 1 week are advised to use at one time up to 50-100 ml (an approximate formula for calculating: the number of days from birth multiplied by 10).

Starting from the second week of life, the number of milliliters per day is calculated according to the formula: the ratio of the baby’s body weight to 5. For example, if the child has a weight of 3750 g, then by dividing this number by 5, we get a daily volume of 750 ml. After that, we find out the size of one feeding: 750/7 (where 7 is the number of feedings per day). We get 107 ml. You can do something like this conditional table:

Baby age in months

The volume of feeding, ml / day.

Volume for one feeding, ml

The number of feedings per day

The intervals between feeds in hours

Up to 1 month

600-700

90-100

7-6

3-3,5

From 1 to 2

700-900

110-140

7-6

3-3,5

From 2 to 4

800-1000

140-160

6

3-3,5

From 4 to 6

900-1000

160-180

6-5

3-3,5

From 6 to 9

1000-1100

180-200

5

4

From 9 to 12

1000-1200

200-240

4-5

4-4,5

For convenience, some jars with the mixture have a measuring spoon.

Artificial feeding: menu

In order to know when and how much your child has eaten, Dr. Komarovsky recommends keeping a specific diary. There you need to record the date and time of the meal, the number of feedings, the size of one serving, the daily rate, etc.

Thus, it will be convenient for you to control the feeding order and analyze it. In the future, you can see the history of nutrition of your karapuz.

Is it possible to use several mixtures at the same time?

It is allowed to use several mixtures simultaneously. The main condition is the individual tolerance of the child. Also, the ideal option would be to use different types of mixtures from the same manufacturer.

Are there rules for teaching a baby to the mix?

If the baby uses the mixture from the first days of life, then with his addiction to it there will be practically no complications. In this case, there are no specific requirements.As a rule, right in the hospital, doctors will help the young mommy to find the right baby food. But what about the baby who, from the moment of his birth, fed naturally, and then for some reason had to switch to artificial feeding?

feeding with artificial feeding

The transition to such food should be carried out gradually. For example, you can start by adding one portion of the mixture to breastfeeding (with the subsequent prospect of replacing one feeding completely). After a couple of weeks, it makes sense to give the child two portions of the mixture already, gradually increasing the number of substitutions.

Do not forget to follow the instructions, consider the recommended dosage, temperature and storage rules.

What should be the situation when feeding?

While feeding babies from a bottle to his mother, certain norms of behavior must be observed. For example, she should:

  • heat the milk mixture to 36-37º;
  • calm down;
  • choose a quiet place;
  • take a comfortable position for her and for the child;
  • look the kid in the eye, talk to him and smile.

The most common feeding myths

Feeding children with artificial mixtures is always associated with certain myths, many of which have nothing to do with reality.For example, it is believed that the best mixture is the one that is more expensive. It is wrong, because even among the products of popular brands you can find fakes. In this case, the best will be the baby food that does not harm and is fully suitable for your children (in accordance with their age, weight, needs).

Another popular myth is related to the opinion that children-artificials are gaining more babies in weight. This is not true, since with proper adjustment of the daily rate of the mixture for the baby and tracking his physical development, there is no excess weight gain.

The third myth is related to the fact that a bottle-fed baby is often not fed up. Not certainly in that way. The fact is that during a meal with natural feeding the child makes a lot of effort (in about 10-15 minutes he eats). Conversely, if there is a big hole in the nipple on the bottle, the baby copes with the food in 2-3 minutes. Consequently, during this time he does not have time to feel the feeling of saturation and begins to ask for more. Compassionate parents give him an additive, as a result of which the child develops overeating, colic, etc.

The fourth myth is related to sterilization. According to some mothers, it is mandatory to sterilize all the bottles before pouring the prepared nutrient mixture into it. This is not true. As practice shows, it is sufficient to simply thoroughly wash the bottle with running water and soap. Excessive sterility may cause allergic reactions in children.

Why does a child eat little?

Sometimes children-artificials eat a smaller amount of the mixture than the mother had previously calculated for him. According to many doctors, this is no problem. You can pay attention to this only if the children look lethargic, pale, often refuse to eat and are irritated, do not gain weight, do not grow. Healthy kids, whose food is normally digested, eat a little.

What to do with the mixture, which the child did not eat?

If your baby has not eaten the mixture prepared by you completely, then it is not recommended to leave it in the refrigerator until the next feeding. The fact is that the storage of fermented milk products of such a plan is always associated with a certain risk (infection with E. coli). Therefore, the remaining mixture is better to simply pour.For the same reason, you should not prepare food for the child in advance.

Why does the child refuse to mix?

Not all children immediately get used to artificial mixtures. Some people ignore them for a very long time. In this case, do not despair. We advise you to simply increase the time interval between feedings. As practice shows, a hungry baby will not refuse to eat.

When is it necessary to transfer a child to a new mix?

Transfer from one mixture to another of your artificialist is recommended only as a last resort. For example, there was such a phenomenon as green feeding on artificial feeding, rashes, frequent vomiting, indigestion, etc. In any case, all these issues are discussed with the pediatrician.

When to introduce artificial foods lure?

All infant formulas are designed to meet the established standards of the international health care system. They contain almost all the useful elements necessary for the normal functioning of children. Therefore, there is no difference between the introduction of complementary foods for babies and toddlers and objectors. Complementary foods for those and others need to be introduced no earlier than six months.

Is it possible to cook porridge in the mixture?

In addition to standard use, the milk mixture can be used as a basis for any cereal. For example, you can cook buckwheat, rice or oatmeal in ordinary water. After it cools down, add baby food (1.5 tablespoons of mixture per 100 g of ready-made cereal). Such a pod is easily digested. It is very nourishing and relieves hunger for a long time.

What water is better to use?

When preparing the mixture is best to use boiled water. At the same time, it can be, at the request of the parents, both mineral and purchased (for tap), and plumbing. The latter is recommended to boil longer mineral and refined.

artificial feeding of children up to a year

What to do with an open can of the mixture?

If baby food in open form costs more than two weeks, then, in order to avoid health problems, the jar should be thrown out.

When can the mixture be replaced with milk?

Sometimes parents are in a hurry and try to replace dry mixes with animal milk (cow or goat). But such a decision is not always justified. Almost all experts agree on the same opinion: the later it is done, the better. The fact is that cow's milk contains a lot of phosphorus and calcium, the number of which is 6 times higher than their content in the breast. And in goat - 9 times.Kidneys of young children cannot process such amount. That is why you can give baby milk after 3 years.

What to look for when feeding?

When an artificial artist bought a new mixture, it is recommended for some time to observe the reaction of his body to it. To do this, often inspect his body for inflammation and rashes. Pay attention to the behavior: whether the child is upset, irritable or, conversely, sluggish. Look at the chair: its color, smell, consistency and frequency.

A healthy baby should empty the intestines at least once a day. The chair should not be rare or contain bloody lumps (this indicates dysbacteriosis). Its color should not be radically different from the standard. For example, green stools can speak about the reaction of the organism during the transition from one mixture to another or about the excessive content of iron in the food. Check the child's temperature.

What are the benefits of artificial nutrition?

Artificial nutrition of children before and after the year has several advantages. Thus, the use of a bottle with the finished dairy suspension makes it possible to feed the baby to any family member.In this case, the mother acquires partial freedom.

Milk formula solves the problem of meeting the nutritional needs of twins and triplets, since it is sometimes difficult for mothers of this family to feed two or three screaming lumps at the same time.

Food from a bottle teaches children to a particular mode. And, of course, when feeding with mixtures, it is much easier to control the portion volume, the amount of water added, etc.

In conclusion, we say that the best food for the baby is breast milk. The best mixture is the one that is selected with the participation of the pediatrician in the individual mode.

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