Banknotes and coins of Transnistria. Interesting facts about the currency of the PMR
PMR is a small country in southeastern Europe. Despite the international unrecognized status, it has all the attributes of an independent state: an autonomous government, the army, law enforcement agencies and its own currency. What is it called? What is her course? What are the notes and coins of Transnistria? This will tell our article.
Transnistrian currency: general information
Any country, even if it is not recognized by the world, must have its own currency. The Transnistrian ruble has been the monetary unit and the only means for payments in the Transdniestrian Moldavian Republic (Transnistrian Moldavian Republic) since 1994.
At first, the unrecognized young republic on the left bank of the Dniester used old USSR tickets that had become obsolete and used as money. They just stuck toothed stamps with the face of Prince Suvorov. By the way, the Czechs and Slovaks used similar “money” in the first years after the unification of the single country of Czechoslovakia in 1989.
Pridnestrovians had their own currency only in August 1994. Banknotes and coins for the republic were first manufactured abroad. In 2005, when the PMR acquired its personal mint, the Transnistrian coins were minted in Tiraspol.
In the republic, local money can be easily purchased in any large settlement. At the stands of numerous exchange offices, as a rule, there is a list of five currencies. These are euro, dollar, hryvnia, Moldovan leu and Russian ruble. As of August 2017, for one euro you can buy 17 Transnistrian rubles, and for one dollar - 15. The hryvnia, leu and the Russian ruble are cheaper than the ruble of the unrecognized republic, respectively, two, one and a half and four times.
7 interesting facts about currency PMR
So that the reader can get acquainted with this unusual currency, we offer a list of interesting facts about it:
- in 2012, the Transnistrian ruble was recognized as the most stable and stable currency in the post-Soviet space;
- most of the paper notes depicted Count Alexander Suvorov;
- on many banknotes of the sample of 1994 the name of the republic in the Ukrainian language contains an error;
- unofficial nickname for Transnistrian money - “suvoriki”;
- on the obverse of the 50-ruble PMR note, the great Ukrainian poet Taras Shevchenko is depicted;
- in 2014, plastic coins entered into use in Transnistria;
- the transnistrian currency has its own sign - two intertwined capital letters “P” and “P”.
Banknotes and coins of Transnistria
Paper money in the republic is represented by face values of 1, 5, 10, 25, 50, 100, 200 and 500 rubles. On the obverse of these banknotes you can see images of prominent personalities: Alexander Suvorov, Taras Shevchenko, Dmitry Kantemir, Catherine II, and also Peter Rumyantsev-Zadunaisky. The reverse of the banknotes depicts historical and architectural monuments of Transnistria: the Bendery fortress, the monastery in Kitskanakh, the Government House of the PMR and others.
Coins of Transnistria were introduced into use in 2000. They are made of aluminum and copper-zinc alloys. On the reverse of all the coins, the denomination is surrounded by floral ornament, and on the obverse - the official coat of arms of the republic.
Particularly noteworthy are coins made of composite materials (in denominations of 1, 3, 5 and 10 rubles), issued in 2014. They are distinguished by a smooth herd and make a ringing bone sound attapping. Each of the coins has its own shape and color:
- ruble - round and yellow;
- three-ruble - square green;
- five-pentagonal - pentagonal blue;
- ten-hexagonal red.
Jubilee coins of the PMR
Periodically, the Mint of the Republic issues commemorative and commemorative coins, which are devoted to any significant events and are distinguished by original design. The names of some of them are listed below, with the date of issue:
- silver coin "Butterfly - dead head" (2011);
- “20th Anniversary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the PMR” (2012);
- “40 years of the Tirotex textile company (2013);
- “70 years of the Yasso-Kishinev operation” (2014);
- a coin with a color image of lilies (2014);
- coin with the image of Kitskansky monastery (2014).
It should be noted that the circulation of all these coins is small and does not exceed 250 copies.