Breastconsists of skin and glandular tissue attached to the chest wall with connective tissue strands - Cooper ligaments. Around the gland and between its lobes is adipose tissue. The amount of fat in a woman's breast varies in extremely great limits; In some older women, the breast is almost exclusively fat. One of the consequences - the size of the breasts can strongly depend on the diet. The growth of the glands is controlled by hormones, which explains why the volume of the breast can vary during the menstrual cycle or after menopause. Contrary to universal belief, there are no muscles in the gland. Therefore, to increase or tighten her exercise is incredible.
Increased milk jellyh begins traditionally from puberty and continues throughout life. It is believed that excessive breast augmentation, occurring during puberty or during pregnancy, is the wrong excessive response of the breast to the woman's “normal hormones”.In this state, the breasts grow, and quickly reach a huge size without direct regression.
The definite difficulty of objective confirmation of breast hypertrophy lies in the different understanding of its "normality". Therefore, for practical purposes, a classification is sufficiently suitable, where the “desirable” is the breast volume of 275 cubic centimeters, and an increase in the normal volume by 50% is already considered to be a certain degree of hypertrophy: a regular breast is 250–300 cubic meters. cm, slight hypertrophy - 400–600 cu. cm, relatively pronounced - 600-800 cu. cm, severe or significant hypertrophy - 800–1000 cu. cm, gigantomastia - 1500 and more cubic. cm.
Most women come to the surgeon, wanting to get rid of physical pain and discomfort, their complaints are traditionally both physical and psychological. A heavy, hanging chest often serves as a source of chronic pain and discomfort. Complaints include severe strain on the neck, headache, pain in the shoulders, back pain, deep grooves from the bra strap, and great discomfort in the chest area. The bulging belly is traditionally accompanied by curvature of the spine.Diaper rash and other dermatological problems may develop in the chest folds due to constant moisture.
Women with enlarged breasts note that their physical activity is also often limited. They often find that their hypertrophied breasts interfere with and reduce their daily activities. The problem is also the selection of clothes. Many patients are confused by the views and comments related to their breasts.
Some patients with greatly enlarged mammary glands also have family histories of breast cancer. Hypertrophic breasts are difficult to assess, because glandular and younger breast mammography is not as effective as good physical self-examination, and because self-testing for small tumors is difficult in hypertrophic breasts, reduction mammoplasty can often be useful in this high-risk subgroup of patients.
A smaller chest may also allow the patient to detect small tumors more easily by self-testing. Breast reduction is often a pleasant alternative, both from a medical and aesthetic point of view, for this subgroup of patients.
Breast asymmetry due to unilateral hyperplasia may be another indication for performing reduction mammoplasty. Breast augmentation on the one hand may be caused by scoliosis (curvature of the spine) associated with developmental pathology. In addition, serious psychological problems may result from emotional stress associated with unilateral breast augmentation.