Causes, symptoms and dangerous effects of conjunctivitis in children

Types of disease

Type of conjunctivitis

Way of infection

Bacterial Occurs during infection:
  • Gonococcal infection;
  • diphtheria stick;
  • pneumococci and streptococci;
  • diplobacillus.
Chlamydia This species is contagious, in 87% of cases it is transmitted from a sick mother during childbirth or from a sick father in the domestic environment, with general use of hygiene products, towels, soap and a sponge.

Conjunctivitis may be complicated by sclerite, the transition of the disease to the chronic form, trachope and paratrachoma.

Viral The following infections can be the cause of inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eyes and conjunctiva:
  1. Herpes virus, influenza virus, adenovirus.
  2. Enterovirus and an increase in the number of pathogens of the intestinal flora.
  3. Varicella, measles and rubella virus.
  4. The virus is contagious mollusk.
Fungal In children, it is 2 times less common than in adults. The main reason for infection:
  • Sporotrichosis;
  • achtinomycosis;
  • penicillin mushrooms;
  • aspergillosis;
  • candidiasis.
Allergic Over 40% of cases of conjunctivitis are inflammation of the eye of an allergic nature, which may develop in the background:
  1. Pollinosis and seasonal allergies to pollen, plants, flowers, trees.
  2. Reactions to medication, eating food with dyes, artificial flavors.
  3. Allergies to the means for washing bed linen and clothes of the baby, products for hygienic baths, soap, shampoo, cream and powder.
  4. The presence of the house of animals, birds, reptiles or fish.
  5. Large amounts of dust on toys and carpets.
  6. Atomic dermatitis in a child from an early age.
Contact Contact with the pathogen can occur both in the maternity hospital, during labor or immediately after birth, as well as outside the hospital walls.
  • Infection can occur during childbirth from a sick mother;
  • after birth, in contact with pathogenic flora on the skin of the baby, bed, toys;
  • putting the infection in the eye with the hands of a parent or child;
  • infection in nurseries, kindergartens, children's polyclinics and inpatient medical institutions.

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