Conflict Functions Conflict functions are constructive and destructive.
Probably, it is impossible to meet such a person, who would never quarrel with anyone and would not come into conflict. People are used to seeing the conflict as something destructive and negative. It would seem that it is impossible to find positive sides in it. However, in some cases, conflict functions can be not only destructive, but also constructive.
Conflict is one of the ways in which people figure out relationships, resolve their contradictions, and deal with the problems that have arisen as a result of the interaction between them. As a rule, collisions are accompanied by violent negative emotions, behavior that goes beyond social norms, mutual recriminations and insults.
In the course of resolving contradictions, each of the participants takes the opposite position in relation to the opponent.The conflicting parties, trying to achieve certain goals and defend their position, do not want to make concessions to each other, refuse to listen to and accept the arguments of the opponent. Such a situation may arise between close people who know each other well, and with the first-time strangers.
Conflict can be brewing for a long time or flare up unexpectedly with a sharp clash of people's interests. Its participants can be both separate individuals, and the whole public groups and even the states.
There are many reasons that could provoke a conflict. In the first place is the limited resources of mankind. This reason applies to both political and interpersonal confrontations. Conflict between states can occur, for example, because of such a limited resource as oil. In a family, one computer and several people who want to sit on the Internet at the same time can become the cause of contradictions.
Conflicts in organizations are very often due to the interdependence of employees. So, the result of the team depends on each individual person.An oversight of one of them can lead to a general failure and, accordingly, provoke a conflict between the participants.
Contradictions within the family most often develop amid financial difficulties. In some situations, the cause of conflicts between people are their personal characteristics, behavior and communication, the difference in attitudes and goals.
Conflict and its constructive functions
Conflict is not always an extremely negative event and may also have constructive functions. One of them is the resolution of contradictions between the subjects of the relationship. Upon completion of the quarrel, misunderstandings and disagreements may disappear completely or partially.
The constructive functions of the conflict also consist in easing the psychological tension of the subjects of the confrontation. For a long time, the accumulated negative energy splashes out during the dispute and stops putting pressure on the person.
Very often, after clarifying relationships, it becomes easier for people to communicate and interact with each other. The productivity of their teamwork increases, misunderstandings disappear.
Conflicts help to reveal not only negative, but also positive aspects of a person. They show whether the individual is resistant to stressful situations, what strength his motives and values have. In addition, conflicts contribute to the self-assertion of the individual and the accumulation of experience in interaction with others.
Conflict and its destructive functions
The main negative point in all conflicts are the negative emotions received by its participants. Frequent stressful situations adversely affect human health and mood. In addition, conflicts can be accompanied by violence - both psychological and physical.
Very often, such phenomena end with a complete rupture of relations between opponents. An example of this is divorce of spouses, dismissal of employees, termination of friendly and friendly relations. People can not agree and find a compromise, so this outcome is the only possible way out for them.
The destructive functions of the conflict are manifested in the underestimation of the loser's self-esteem. A person may become depressed, doubt the correctness of their ideals and values.
In addition, conflict situations form the image of the enemy among people. The one with whom contradictions once arose will no longer be credible. Subsequently, the slightest misunderstanding may lead to the flaming up of a new conflict.
The concept and function of social conflict
Social conflict is the highest point of collision of social groups as a result of the incompatibility of their goals, positions and interests. Its basis is the contradictions and lack of agreement between the parties to the interaction.
The cause of such conflicts is the difference in incomes, position in society, rights, power and prestige. In other words, it provokes their social inequality, as well as limited resources, the struggle for which occurs throughout the history of mankind.
The functions of social conflict can be both positive and negative. The destructive consequences include the destruction of social structures, as well as unreasonable expenditure of resources. The positive functions of this type of conflict are the ability to move to a new stage of development, to achieve justice, to eliminate the problems that have arisen.In addition, in the course of such contradictions there is a consolidation of social groups, the formation of a new, more perfect social system.
The concept and function of political conflict
Political conflicts are the clashes and confrontations of the subjects of state power in the course of exercising their powers and with the mutual desire to achieve their goals. They are due to opposing political interests.
Such conflicts are divided into interstate, intrastate and regional. The basis of this classification is the level of participants in a political conflict. The higher it is, the more difficult it is to resolve such contradictions.
As with any other confrontation, the functions of political conflict can be constructive and destructive. The first is, first of all, defusing the situation in the country or around the world. The tension between the parties to the conflict and in society as a whole is eliminated. In addition, various social changes are being stimulated, the norms of society that have outlived themselves are being overestimated. Conflict is the driving force of progress.In addition, social equilibrium is established in society.
The negative functions of this type of conflict are the threat of a split in international organizations and the country's population. In addition, adverse changes in power relations may occur, as well as the demographic situation in the country worsen.
Features of the conflict in the organization
In the course of working relationships between people, misunderstandings and contradictions often arise. Such situations have a negative impact on the organization’s activities, leading to a decrease in work productivity and results.
Conflicts in the workplace can occur between superiors and subordinates, as well as between line employees. The reason for such contradictions may be the prejudiced attitude of the leadership, an attempt to shift their responsibilities to each other, the interdependence of the results of employees. In addition, often quarrels arise because of problems in communication and personal dislike of colleagues.
The functions of conflicts in an organization can be constructive and destructive. The first is the increase in work productivity after the elimination of contradictions, the improvement of the psychological climate in the team. Destructive consequences is usually a conflict with the authorities.In such situations, the case may even end with the dismissal of an employee.
The problem of "fathers and children" has existed at all times. No exception - and our days. In rare families, generational conflict does not manifest itself. At the heart of such contradictions lies the difference in the views of young people and older people and the unwillingness to understand and respect the interests of each other. Such conflicts, as a rule, last for a considerable period of time, periodically subside, and then flare up with a new force.
The causes and functions of generational conflicts are different. As a destructive one can note the deterioration of relations between relatives, feelings and stress, especially older people. However, as in any other conflict, there are also positive sides. Young people, learning from their mistakes, try to respect and listen to the advice of the elderly. Those, in turn, learn to be more tolerant of their children and grandchildren.
How to get out of the conflict
There are several ways out of the conflict. The most optimal is to find a compromise by the warring parties.At the same time, the conflict functions are, as a rule, constructive. The parties come to a mutual agreement, problems are eliminated, and the decision that is accepted suits everyone. There are no winners and losers.
If the conflict ends with coercion, one of the parties achieves its goals, while the other obeys the decision of the opponent. Such a denouement is most characteristic when confronted by a boss and an ordinary employee, a parent and a child. In this case, the conflict functions for one of the participants will be constructive, for the other - destructive.