DIY wooden dishes
Kitchenware is a mandatory attribute in the household of any home. In serving the needs of gastronomic needs a lot of elements and devices, but the main place among them is the dishes. As a rule, it is made of porcelain, glass, earthenware, ceramics and various metals. However, connoisseurs of fine arts and supporters of environmental safety are increasingly attracting wooden utensils for domestic use. It would seem that natural material has long been abandoned due to its impracticality in use. But this is not entirely true, since much of the operational properties depend on the manufacturing technology. Wood is one of the most flexible in the processing of materials, so you can make a beautiful and durable dish with it, even with your own hands.
What wood to use?
Characteristics of the tree do not allow it to be used in many areas of construction and industry. Requirements for kitchen utensils are not so high, but even here it is better to use in advance the material with the highest resistance to thermal and physical stress.And there is a considerable choice: linden, maple, bamboo, rowan, cedar, etc. In addition to the technical and operational qualities, it is recommended to evaluate the therapeutic properties that wooden dishes from a particular breed can have. For example, oak has a restorative and strengthening effect on teeth, and mountain ash provides a laxative and hemostatic effect. Of course, for the most complete action in medicine, special technologies for treating trees, bark and foliage are used, but daily contact with such dishes will undoubtedly give a certain result.
Dish making equipment
In solving this issue, much depends on the planned production volumes. This may be a single production of several copies for your own home, a small-scale issue for relatives and friends, or a full-fledged production of wooden utensils, designed as a business project. In the first two cases, you can limit the minimum set for wood processing, which will consist of a planer, chisels, cutters, various jigsaws and saws. But if it is assumed the mass production of dishes, do without turning and grinding machines will not work.However, the production of household goods for sale does not always imply the need to use specialized equipment. There are a lot of artisans in Russia who use only a few carpentry tools, and this does not prevent them from creating true masterpieces. In such cases, it is manual work that is valued, but it is not necessary to speak about large production volumes.
The standard technique of making dishes from wood involves the initial formation of a blank from an array. Next, marking starts on the surface of the tree, in accordance with which recesses will be formed in the future. Again, much depends on the tool used to make wooden dishes, since for convenience it is also possible to use the reverse sequence. In this case, a recess is initially created, and then the workpiece is trimmed with the form endowed as close as possible to the final product. Experts usually use well-sharpened cutters, with the help of which recesses of any kind are formed.But you can restrict the use of conventional semicircular chisels. As you work, the deepening will increase. For beginners it is recommended to fix the workpiece in a vice. Professionals refuse such a decision due to its impracticality - an experienced master during the work in every way turns the product in his hands, quickly processing from different sides. This is important for the speed of the workflow, for which the student in the first stage is better not to chase.
In the traditional view, Russian tableware, made of wood, necessarily has an elegant coating with thread on the surface. This treatment is best done on blanks that were completed in the fall, that is, during the period when moisture comes out of the tree. In the working process involved incisors, chisels, rasp, sandpaper. Due to the chisel, the future wooden utensils are adjusted in general in shape and edges. The main part of the work is performed with a chisel, with the help of which drawings and ornaments are formed. In the finished form, such dishes look inexpressive, so it is treated with sandpaper for smoothness and highlight texture.Rasp, in turn, is used in the processing of the ends of future products.
The lack of resistance to chemical and thermal effects is a weak point of the tree and a factor due to which it is rarely used by large manufacturers of kitchen utensils. For this reason, wooden utensils immediately after manufacture must be processed and covered with protective layers. In addition to directly imparting strength and creating a durable coating, special compounds provide the product and antiseptic properties. These can be varnishes, oils, impregnations, fats and specialized preparations. But it is important to take into account that the majority of proprietary wood protection products are chemically harmful, therefore it is not recommended to use them for dishes. One of the most affordable and harmless options for such processing is linseed oil. The billet must be immersed in boiling liquid and after 1-2 minutes removed, leaving to dry completely.
Woodwork that has been machined or made by ordinary cutting is called linen.Such dishes is a clean workpiece, but it has the form of ready-to-use utensils. As a subsequent decoration, you can also paint wooden tableware using one of the existing methods. The simplest technology is gouache or acrylic paint. Initially, the blank is processed with fine-grained sandpaper, after which a drawing is applied to its surface using a pencil. Further along this outline a colorful coating is formed. But there is another, more complex decoration technology - with the help of Khokhloma.
This technique requires thorough priming of dishes. It is produced in two stages with intervals of 6-7 hours. First, the wooden blank is primed with vapa, and then covered with linseed oil. The next step involves the rubbing of aluminum powder. This is the procedure of the so-called tinning, after which they proceed to the direct application of patterns with oil paints. In finished form, painted wooden dishes are distinguished by unusual ornaments and a peculiar combination of shades. In the treatment of Khokhloma, red and black are predominantly used, but for a variety they often include greenish and yellow tones.
Household items in modern homes for the most part are factory-made products, which is justified in terms of practicality and reliability. But there are niches that may well fill the utensils created at home. For such purposes is just the perfect wooden utensils. It’s easy to make it with your own hands, but the end result will meet all expectations. In addition to environmental friendliness, the user can count on the original piece of kitchen furniture, decorated with spectacular patterns and carvings. Provided high-quality processing of protective compounds such dishes will not lose factory counterparts and the criteria of durability.