Domain: what is it, the main recommendations when choosing it
Domain - what is it?A unique set of characters that allows a site functioning on the network to associate with the IP address of the server on which it is located. And regarding hosting, domain - what is it? Login to the site users can only by typing in the search line a unique website address. Addressing resources is due to the DNS service (Domain Name Service), and the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority is responsible for the overall coordination of the name service.
The names of the highest (first) level are the domains:
1. Country domains (for example: .ru, .ua, .ca, .us, and so on).
2. Infrastructure (.arpa). Used by the IANA service only to support the operation of the Internet.
3. Organizational (for example: .com, .edu, .net, .biz, .info, .org, .gov, .mil and so on).
Quite often it is possible to meet the domains of the second andthird level, for example: sait. zona1 and sait.zona1, zona2. There is also a fourth level, but it is used very rarely due to the inconvenience of entering and storing. More often it is a supplement to the names of higher levels.
What is domain registration?This is understood as the transfer by the administrator of the zone of names of a set of symbols to the owner of the resource for a certain period (a multiple of a year), after which, if there was no extension, the use ends. Thus, the domain (what it is, we considered earlier) can not be someone's property. The transfer of the name can be carried out either directly through the Administrator, or through an intermediary (reseller), who may charge for their services. Registration can be either paid (.com, .ogr, .net, and so on), and free (.net.ua, .org.ua, and so on). There are domains that a regular user can not receive, for example .gov.ru. Organizations with the status of public authorities have the right to such a name. Before registering, you can check the domain and make sure that it is really unique.
Recommendations for choosing a domain name
1.Before contacting the company for the choice of the domain, you should find out whether it operates directly or through another registrar. In the first case, the services of such an organization will cost you a little cheaper, and the process will be much more expeditious.
2.If you do not have a certain level of technical knowledge in this area, then you should not choose a company that only deals with names, since you will have to deal with the configuration of DNS yourself and provide its support on the server.3.Hosting companies will offer you a whole range of services and protect you from unnecessary configuration and configuration actions, if you just do not want to do it yourself. At the same time during registration, the user requires the very minimum: information about the name and registrant and direct payment of the service, unless the name is free.
4. Interaction with hosting companies, it is also profitable. With long contracts or when choosing an expensive tariff, as a rule, a discount is given.
5.Domain (what is it) - we have already considered above, and regarding the choice of name, I want to note that you should not choose too long and complex names, since it is extremely inconvenient to remember and increases the risk of appearance of clone sites.