Garden violet: types, description, planting and care
A beautiful and well-kept garden is the dream of most owners of private houses. Many plants, various in shape and color of flowers, can please the eye, causing admiration of all guests. Favorite housewives for a long time was and remains violet garden. Her motley neat flowers look great on flowerbeds and borders. There are many varieties of this plant. This article will help you learn about them, as well as about the features of flower care.
Garden violet is a herbaceous plant, often used to decorate flowerbeds and other ornamental plantings.It belongs to the genus of subshrubs. Violet can bloom at almost any time of the year. The height of the bush, depending on the type, can be from 15 to 40 cm. Its shape can be half-sprawling or compact. The size of the leaves and flowers also depends on the characteristics of the species. They are large and small, with pointed ends or wide.
Gardeners must first of all decide how long the violet will decorate their flower bed. After that, you can choose an annual or biennial plant. However, more and more people choose their perennial garden violets.
Their main advantage is that such plants will decorate a personal plot for many years. But for violets to feel comfortable, they need care. Then the flower bed will get a gentle, but at the same time bright color. This will help properly selected types of violets.
Such a virtue, as a strong aroma, can boast of fragrant violet. It will fill the garden not only with external beauty, but also tangible.
This is a perennial plant that has massive roots and shoots spreading along the ground. Sheet length - 9 cm, width - 8 cm. It is divided into a number of varieties, which affects their shape. It is predominantly rounded, sometimes more rounded specimens are found, the petals may have both pointed and curved edges. The color of flowers - purple. Stipules broadly lanceolate and slightly pointed.
The flowering period - from late summer and throughout the fall.Fragrant violet has many interesting varieties that will satisfy the needs of any gardener. Those who prefer a particularly large size of flowers should choose Triumph. Fans of pronounced flavor should prefer Czar. Rosina violet has an intricate shape of a flying bird and a fragrant smell.
Heroine of legends
Garden tricolor violet beats all records of popularity. Even those who are not involved in gardening have heard about it. In the people she is better known under the romantic name of pansies. Bright peculiar color literally catches the eye and fascinates, even if the violet grows in a secluded corner.
Stems are branched plants. The leaves are straight, ribbed in shape, can be triangular, elongated or ovate. The edges are narrowed to the base.
They recognize such violets due to their characteristic coloring. The two top petals are most often purple or blue, while the side petals have a more contrasting color — white, yellow. The lower petal is shaped like a triangle and combines several flowers at the same time. Yellow or white base decorated with blue stripes.
Such violets bloom once a year, but for a long time. Excellent tolerate wintering.
Another type of perennial garden violets - horned. The original name to match the plant. Violet came to us from the picturesque countries - Spain and Italy, as well as from the gentle south of France.
Differs in a rather large bush height - up to 25 cm. Violet roots are creeping, branchy. From the plants of this species in the flowerbed, you can create a magnificent bright carpet.
Leaves 6 cm long, have jagged edges. Flowers formed a lot. They are large, with a diameter of about 5 cm. The color of the petals can be varied - from purple to dark purple.
The period of flowering violets long - from May to early September. It tolerates wintering, but on condition that it is well covered with snow. If not, then the plant may freeze. To prevent this from happening, the violet should be covered with spruce leaves.
A variety of varieties will allow you to create an interesting composition. Their development involved in England. Arkwright Ruby will be appreciated by lovers of rich, deep tones. Such a violet has large heads of a delightful ruby color. Depth gives lower petals darker shades. The middle of the flower is bright yellow.
Most gardeners tend to fill a flower bed with plants whose flowers have a bright, saturated color. Such a composition will undoubtedly attract attention, but will quickly tire the eyes. The abundance of bright colors makes the overall picture too overloaded, and then look desperately looking for something more restrained.
White garden violet is a plant that does not enjoy such great popularity as those listed above and is completely undeserved. With this beauty you can gently and gently shade bright patterns. Snow-white color will look no less interesting and will create a contrast.
This violet can be found among representatives of different species: fragrant, horned, heel. It is enough to choose the desired shape of the flower and decorate the composition with it, and it will sparkle with new colors.
Another type of garden violets is yellow. Its stem is erect or ascending, up to 20 cm high. In Europe it can be found in the wild-growing form, but in Russia it is found only as an element of floral arrangements.
The shape of the leaves of the violet is oblong, with gorodchatymi edges. The flowers are small, with a diameter of about 3 cm.They have a bright yellow color with dark markings on the lower petals.
Violet begins to bloom in late spring - early summer. It has a pleasant aroma. Perfect for inexperienced flower growers, as it is an unpretentious plant and tolerates wintering well.
Blue garden violet is a kind of classic. This is one of the most popular flowers used by gardeners when creating alpine slides, flower beds, borders.
Particularly interesting is the combination of blue and purple. They complement each other, creating interesting transitions and enhancing the depth of color. Blue violets can be found in almost any form, but most often choose pansies. In them, the combination of dark petals with light appears in an unusual contrast, which allows you to use one flower in flowerbeds with a small area.
Deserves special attention garden night violet. The plant is among the perennial. The stem is tall, straight. Its length can reach 80 cm. The upper part is branched. The leaves are pointed, weakly toothed, naked.
The flowers are small in size, but look lush due to the factthat are assembled in a cylindrical brush. The color of the petals corresponds to the palette of slowly approaching twilight - white, lilac, purple.
This species does not require complex care, resistant to cold weather. Night violet is often planted near the benches or gazebos, because with the onset of the evening the flowers bloom, filling the air with a strong and pleasant smell.
Among the wide variety of types of garden violets, it should be noted Vittrok or Rococo. Such an unusual representative managed to get as a result of crossing not two, but three types - yellow, tricolor and Altai.
The variety also belongs to the perennial, but is more often used as a biennial.
The stem reaches a length of 40 cm, branched. The leaves are egg-shaped. But the real interest is, of course, the flowers themselves. They are quite large - 7 cm in diameter. Color depends on the variety. There are so many of them that the specialists had to divide them into variegroups, taking the diameter of the flower as the selection criterion.
One of the most famous is Rococo. Its flowers reach 8 cm in diameter. The petals are terry, which makes the violet more lush.The color is the most diverse: dark spots characteristic of the three-color species look great on yellow, purple, snow-white, and lilac petals.
For aesthetes and lovers of everything unusual, Morenking was created, the flowers of which are painted black.
Anyone, even an unpretentious plant such as violet, it is important to find the right place in the flower bed and provide proper care.
Favorable for growing will be fertile, loose, loamy soil. Violet loves to swim in the sun, and therefore should not be lacking in lighting. Only slight shading is allowed. If access to sunlight is scarce, the violet will please only a small number of flowers, and their color will become noticeably paler.
Planting garden violets and caring for it require special watering. The plant has a high sensitivity to moisture. Water violet should be in moderation. It is recommended to increase the intensity of irrigation only during dry weather. Water should not fall on the leaves.
A large role is played by the location of the plant.If the violet is planted in a lowland, excessive watering will cause the soil to soak, causing the flower to suffer.
The plant very much loves various top dressing in the form of complex mineral fertilizers. They must contain phosphorus, nitrogen and potassium. First, fertilizing is carried out before the beginning of the formation of buds, and then during the peak of flowering.
To violet decorated the flower bed as long as possible, it is worth remembering about some subtleties. The flowering period will be longer if timely removal of wilted flowers. Then the plant will send all the nutrients to the remaining fresh buds. It is necessary to remove seed boxes in time. If you do not do this, the violet will be planted on its own, and your flower arrangement will be broken next fall. It is enough to plant seedlings when it is supposed to, and then the garden will become even more beautiful.
There are several ways to do this:
- Seed. The downside is that shoots may appear a year later.
- Cuttings. The upper part is cut diagonally, the remaining stem is placed in the peat mixture.
- The division of the root. It is important to remove its rotten parts.
Description of garden violets will allow beginners and experienced flower growers to decide on the color and type of plant that will only decorate the garden. You can easily combine different varieties to create a real extravaganza of colors right under your window.A well-groomed flower bed will always attract the attention of guests and will serve as a testimony to the skill of the hostess. A pleasant aroma that spreads through the garden, will make the atmosphere of the evening even more warm and cozy.