Hepatomegaly of the liver - causes, symptoms, treatment.
Hepatomegaly of the liver is a pathologicalenlargement of the liver. With hepatomegaly, the liver is easily palpable under the patient's ribs, while a healthy organ is palpable rather difficult. In addition, when palpating, the patient experiences pain, which also speaks of liver disease. Hepatomegaly of the liver itself is not a disease, it is rather a syndrome showing that the liver is in dire need of treatment.
The liver detoxifies all poisons andtoxins entering the body that pass through this organ, leave the body already neutralized along with urine and feces. Poisons and toxins are one of the most common causes of a disease such as hepatomegaly.
Hepatomegaly of the liver in children
Hepatomegaly of the liver in children may be associated withsome types of autoimmune processes, a violation of diet or a post-infection state. In addition, one should pay special attention to the functioning of the cardiovascular system of the child.
Diseases that can cause hepatomegaly
- Inflammatory processes in the liver
The most common inflammatory processes in the liverare caused by hepatitis, due to lesions by various factors, for example, due to viruses or toxins. Because of inflammation, there is a swelling of the liver and, as a consequence, an increase in its size. In this disease, part of the hepatocytes dies with time, which occurs gradually, but there are also situations in which the liver after chronic hepatitis decreases sharply in size, this indicates the rapid loss of the body of its functions.
- Cirrhosis of the liver
Cirrhosis of the liver can occur both in the backgroundviral hepatitis, and against the backdrop of prolonged intoxication of the body, such as occurs with chronic alcoholism. Hepatocytes due to cirrhosis actively die and begin to be replaced by a connective tissue. The remaining hepatocytes try to restore their function, as a result of which a pathological growth occurs, which is called hepatomegaly of the liver.
- Metabolic disorders
One of the main metabolic disorders, whichcan cause hepatomegaly, is a violation of the formation of glycogen, that is glycogenosis, in which there is accumulation of glycogen inside the organ, and, as a consequence, its increase in size. One of the characteristic signs of this disease is an increase in the size of the spleen and kidneys.
- Diseases of the cardiovascular system
With ventricular failure, the blood is prettyslowly moves along the vessels, causing a stagnation of blood in the veins, tissues and organs. With chronic heart failure, the liver suffers first, causing swelling in the body and increasing it in size. After the liver is enlarged, hepatocytes begin to gradually die out. This is called a necrosis of the liver, which eventually develops into cirrhosis.
- Oncological diseases
With cancer, growing neoplasms inside the liver almost always cause a disease such as liver hepatomegaly.
Hepatomegaly of the liver - treatment
Treatment of hepatomegaly, in the first place,provides treatment for the disease that led to the emergence of this syndrome. In addition, in order to help with the basic treatment it will be a good decision to follow a special diet that would limit the liver from unnecessary loads and contribute to its recovery.
To comply with the diet should be excluded fromdiet all fried, spicy, flour, but at the same time provide the body with enough nutrients, through which he will draw strength for his recovery. In addition, the use of hepatoprotectors, the assortment of which is currently on the market in excess, will not be superfluous.