How to collect KAMAZ

Hooray! The finish line! The dream of all boys and girls, probably, is also to visit the place where cars are finally assembled, especially such big and powerful ones as KAMAZ. During this week you and I went all the way to their production. We also visited their Foundry, the Forge, looked at where and how booths were brewed, then painted them, looked to German friends and partners who also helped to create this beauty, looked at where the heart of the car was born and, finally, we got to Automobile plant (if someone missed something, look at the links at the bottom of the post), where the main assembly line is located. So, chassis, engines, cabs came to the conveyor ...
How are KAMAZ trucks assembled more than cars, thousands, KAMAZ, plant, plant, KAMAZ, very, KAMAZ, cars, also, near, Naberezhnye, plant, and, first, cars, then, conveyor, conveyor

And first, a little history. With the onset of the sixties of the last century in the USSR, it came to be understood that very powerful trucks are lacking, especially with a carrying capacity of eight or more tons, and new and, as they say, innovative models were needed. And it was also very important for the country to set up production of a diesel engine, which would solve the problem of converting ZIL, UralAZ cars, LAZ buses and LiAZ buses to cheap diesel fuel.And in 1969, the Resolution of the Central Committee of the CPSU and the Council of Ministers of the USSR on the construction of a complex of plants for the production of heavy vehicles (production association KamAZ) was adopted. But not everything is so simple. It was initially studied and considered with passion for more than 70 options, where this powerful production is to be built. For example, a plant with a high probability could appear near Krasnoyarsk.
2. The first thing we see when getting to the factory is their conveyor of the cab assembly. It is here that they are filled with every filling.
How are KAMAZ trucks assembled more than cars, thousands, KAMAZ, plant, plant, KAMAZ, very, KAMAZ, cars, also, near, Naberezhnye, plant, and, first, cars, then, conveyor, conveyor

From the point of view of geography and logistics, the area of ​​modern Naberezhnye Chelny was very suitable. Here and navigable rivers (Kama, Volga), there is a railway, which means it is convenient to bring building materials, and then finished products can be easily shipped.
3.
How are KAMAZ trucks assembled more than cars, thousands, KAMAZ, plant, plant, KAMAZ, very, KAMAZ, cars, also, near, Naberezhnye, plant, and, first, cars, then, conveyor, conveyor

And the cry was given, and the construction began. On December 13, 1969, the first land bucket was excavated at the construction of the Kama Automobile Plant. From all ends of our immense Motherland, specialists, workers and enthusiasts came here. More than 100 thousand people were involved in the construction site. Over 2,000 enterprises worked for the future needs of KAMAZ and were not denied anything.The future automobile plant was provided with the most modern technological equipment for those times. More than 700 foreign firms also took part in its equipment, including the world renowned corporations Swinell-Dresler, Holcroft, Sicast, Ingersoll Rand from America, Bush, Hüller, and Liebherr. from Germany, Italian “Morando”, “Excell”, “Fata”, French “Renault”, Swedish “Sandvik”, Japanese “Kamatsu” and “Hitachi”.
4.
How are KAMAZ trucks assembled more than cars, thousands, KAMAZ, plant, plant, KAMAZ, very, KAMAZ, cars, also, near, Naberezhnye, plant, and, first, cars, then, conveyor, conveyor

In the fall of 1970, the first cubic meters of concrete were laid in the foundation of the firstborn of KAMAZ - the repair and tool plant, as well as the hull of gray and ductile iron foundry. Already in 1973, the buildings of almost all the facilities of the first stage of the complex were erected, and the first power unit of the local CHP was also loaded. Further more. In May 1974, the first engine was assembled in the pilot workshop of the KAMAZ chief designer.
5.
How are KAMAZ trucks assembled more than cars, thousands, KAMAZ, plant, plant, KAMAZ, very, KAMAZ, cars, also, near, Naberezhnye, plant, and, first, cars, then, conveyor, conveyor

Kama Automobile Plant was originally designed to produce 150 thousand heavy vehicles and 250 thousand engines per year. He was to occupy an area of ​​57 square kilometers. In parallel, they built a new city with all the necessary infrastructure.In January 1971, the first 12-storey residential building for the pioneers of KAMAZ was commissioned in Naberezhnye Chelny. Every year the city was replenished by 30-40 thousand people. If before the construction of KAMAZ in Naberezhnye Chelny, 27 thousand people lived, now it is more than half a million.
6.
How are KAMAZ trucks assembled more than cars, thousands, KAMAZ, plant, plant, KAMAZ, very, KAMAZ, cars, also, near, Naberezhnye, plant, and, first, cars, then, conveyor, conveyor

The first car left the main assembly line on February 16, 1976. It was scarlet and it contained number 0000001. It was a great holiday for Naberezhnye Chelny, for Tatarstan and the whole country. Over the years, 3.6 billion rubles were spent on industrial and residential construction, and 2.1 million square meters were commissioned. meters of production space, which was installed 16 thousand pieces of equipment, more than two hundred automatic lines, 180 kilometers of conveyors. Years have come, and since then more than 2.25 million cars and about 2.85 million engines have been produced. Every third truck with a total weight of 14-40 tons in Russia and the CIS countries is KAMAZ. And they are very fond of not only here, KAMAZ trucks are operated in more than 80 countries of the world.
7. At the factory there are a lot of girls, they are simpler than boys to find a common language with the conveyor :).
How are KAMAZ trucks assembled more than cars, thousands, KAMAZ, plant, plant, KAMAZ, very, KAMAZ, cars, also, near, Naberezhnye, plant, and, first, cars, then, conveyor, conveyor

From the series an interesting fact. Few people know, but the prototype of the first KAMAZ vehicles was ZIL-170.The engine was designed for it by the Yaroslavl Motor Plant, and their prototype was already ready in 1968. There is such a bike. They say that our special services at pendos sommunizdili drawings of the future car ZIL-170, which then was the prototype of the car "International COF-220", the American company "International Harvester". They were offended and, in retaliation, they sent our designers the designs of the T-330 tractor, which was unsuccessfully created by their specialists, and received the name “Chuvashpiller” by the people.
8. Approximately every 4 minutes, one cabin is replaced by another. And during this time you need to have time to perform all your operations.
How are KAMAZ trucks assembled more than cars, thousands, KAMAZ, plant, plant, KAMAZ, very, KAMAZ, cars, also, near, Naberezhnye, plant, and, first, cars, then, conveyor, conveyor

December 29, 1976 - State Commission headed by the Minister of the Automotive Industry of the USSR V.N. Polyakov signed the act of commissioning the first stage of the Kama complex of heavy-duty factories. Already at this stage, our KAMAZ had enormous production assets. They were 2 times higher than at VAZ, and 3 times exceeded the industry-wide figure for Minavtoprom. But all the records were still ahead. So in June 1979, the truck came off the main assembly line at number 100,000.
9.
How are KAMAZ trucks assembled more than cars, thousands, KAMAZ, plant, plant, KAMAZ, very, KAMAZ, cars, also, near, Naberezhnye, plant, and, first, cars, then, conveyor, conveyor

In February 1981, the second phase of KAMAZ was commissioned. In 1988, experts summed up the first results.As it turned out, after the launch of this auto giant, our country at that time received about 8 billion rubles of transport profit, which meant that in just a decade or so the state had completely discarded all of its investments related to the construction of the plant. By the way, on July 17, 1988, the KAMAZ-master factory racing team, now known to the whole world, was formed.
10.
How are KAMAZ trucks assembled more than cars, thousands, KAMAZ, plant, plant, KAMAZ, very, KAMAZ, cars, also, near, Naberezhnye, plant, and, first, cars, then, conveyor, conveyor

On June 25, 1990, the government decided to create a joint-stock company KAMAZ on the basis of the assets of the production association. And in August 1990, PO KamAZ was transformed into a joint-stock company. On February 15, 2012, a two millionth truck rolled off the KAMAZ conveyor. The glorious history of the plant continues.
11.
How are KAMAZ trucks assembled more than cars, thousands, KAMAZ, plant, plant, KAMAZ, very, KAMAZ, cars, also, near, Naberezhnye, plant, and, first, cars, then, conveyor, conveyor

12. After the cabin has been brought to mind, it gets on one of the assembly conveyors, this is where the magic begins. She first meets with other nodes of the car, which all together and create the whole car.
How are KAMAZ trucks assembled more than cars, thousands, KAMAZ, plant, plant, KAMAZ, very, KAMAZ, cars, also, near, Naberezhnye, plant, and, first, cars, then, conveyor, conveyor

13.
How are KAMAZ trucks assembled more than cars, thousands, KAMAZ, plant, plant, KAMAZ, very, KAMAZ, cars, also, near, Naberezhnye, plant, and, first, cars, then, conveyor, conveyor

On this side of good, the assembly begins with the installation of the frame on the conveyor, and only then bridges, brakes, exhaust systems and transmissions are installed on it. Further, our frame with all the armor passes the next gate of quality and then you canproceed to the next stage of the assembly. It is the turn of the gearbox with the engine. Then again check and control. With this business here is very strict. Next, the installation of fuel tanks, and then the registrar ...
14.
How are KAMAZ trucks assembled more than cars, thousands, KAMAZ, plant, plant, KAMAZ, very, KAMAZ, cars, also, near, Naberezhnye, plant, and, first, cars, then, conveyor, conveyor

15. Full assembly of one machine takes about 5-6 hours.
How are KAMAZ trucks assembled more than cars, thousands, KAMAZ, plant, plant, KAMAZ, very, KAMAZ, cars, also, near, Naberezhnye, plant, and, first, cars, then, conveyor, conveyor

16.
How are KAMAZ trucks assembled more than cars, thousands, KAMAZ, plant, plant, KAMAZ, very, KAMAZ, cars, also, near, Naberezhnye, plant, and, first, cars, then, conveyor, conveyor

17.
How are KAMAZ trucks assembled more than cars, thousands, KAMAZ, plant, plant, KAMAZ, very, KAMAZ, cars, also, near, Naberezhnye, plant, and, first, cars, then, conveyor, conveyor

The length of the conveyor is about 750 meters. But we must also take into account the fact that there are six levels above it, on which various parts move (bridges, wings, fuel tanks, etc.), and at the right moment they end up on the assembly. Here is their total length of about 75 km.
18.
How are KAMAZ trucks assembled more than cars, thousands, KAMAZ, plant, plant, KAMAZ, very, KAMAZ, cars, also, near, Naberezhnye, plant, and, first, cars, then, conveyor, conveyor

19.
How are KAMAZ trucks assembled more than cars, thousands, KAMAZ, plant, plant, KAMAZ, very, KAMAZ, cars, also, near, Naberezhnye, plant, and, first, cars, then, conveyor, conveyor

20. The cabins of the new model are assembled, though right there, but in a different area.
How are KAMAZ trucks assembled more than cars, thousands, KAMAZ, plant, plant, KAMAZ, very, KAMAZ, cars, also, near, Naberezhnye, plant, and, first, cars, then, conveyor, conveyor

21.
How are KAMAZ trucks assembled more than cars, thousands, KAMAZ, plant, plant, KAMAZ, very, KAMAZ, cars, also, near, Naberezhnye, plant, and, first, cars, then, conveyor, conveyor

22.
How are KAMAZ trucks assembled more than cars, thousands, KAMAZ, plant, plant, KAMAZ, very, KAMAZ, cars, also, near, Naberezhnye, plant, and, first, cars, then, conveyor, conveyor

23.
How are KAMAZ trucks assembled more than cars, thousands, KAMAZ, plant, plant, KAMAZ, very, KAMAZ, cars, also, near, Naberezhnye, plant, and, first, cars, then, conveyor, conveyor

24. Probably the most exciting and desirable moment at the Automobile Plant is the “wedding”! This is when the cabin is connected to the "body". Hooray!
How are KAMAZ trucks assembled more than cars, thousands, KAMAZ, plant, plant, KAMAZ, very, KAMAZ, cars, also, near, Naberezhnye, plant, and, first, cars, then, conveyor, conveyor

25. As I said above, there are several main assembly lines here, for example, specifically on this one at number 2, about 60 cars a day are assembled, or about 1,300 a month.
How are KAMAZ trucks assembled more than cars, thousands, KAMAZ, plant, plant, KAMAZ, very, KAMAZ, cars, also, near, Naberezhnye, plant, and, first, cars, then, conveyor, conveyor

26.
How are KAMAZ trucks assembled more than cars, thousands, KAMAZ, plant, plant, KAMAZ, very, KAMAZ, cars, also, near, Naberezhnye, plant, and, first, cars, then, conveyor, conveyor

Today KAMAZ PJSC produces a wide range of trucks: trucks (more than 60 models, over 1500 complete sets, right-hand drive cars), trailers, engines, power units and various tools.At the end of last year, they sold 38 thousand units of vehicles under the KAMAZ brand, and 5 thousand vehicles and assembly kits were sent abroad. In addition to the plant in Naberezhnye Chelny, KAMAZ PJSC has assembly plants in Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Azerbaijan, India, and I think it will not stop there.
27.
How are KAMAZ trucks assembled more than cars, thousands, KAMAZ, plant, plant, KAMAZ, very, KAMAZ, cars, also, near, Naberezhnye, plant, and, first, cars, then, conveyor, conveyor

28.
How are KAMAZ trucks assembled more than cars, thousands, KAMAZ, plant, plant, KAMAZ, very, KAMAZ, cars, also, near, Naberezhnye, plant, and, first, cars, then, conveyor, conveyor

And I did not even know before that the KAMAZ also produced a tractor. Before us is a KAMAZ CX 105 tractor. It turns out that in the second half of the 80s of the twentieth century in the USSR in Elabuga they wanted to build a Kama tractor plant, and it had to become a large-scale production association to ensure the full production cycle of tractors and special military equipment. However, the 90s with “perestroika” buried this idea. But KAMAZ remembered this idea. Gradually, the plant stood on strong legs and in 2008 decided to take the risk, but not alone, but in partnership with the Italian-American-Canadian holding Agro Tractors S.p.a. The McCormick CX-105 tractor was chosen as the prototype, which we called KAMAZ CX 105. It was equipped with the British diesel engine Perkins 1104C-44T with a power of 74.5 kW (99.9 l / s). But with us he didn’t go much, they say, the scarecrow buyers are the lack of service, as well as the availability of inexpensive spare parts.In total for 2008-2009, about two thousand of them were produced.
29.
How are KAMAZ trucks assembled more than cars, thousands, KAMAZ, plant, plant, KAMAZ, very, KAMAZ, cars, also, near, Naberezhnye, plant, and, first, cars, then, conveyor, conveyor

Moreover, their lineup is constantly updated with new models. So, in 2016 alone, KAMAZ developed and brought to the market more than 80 new complete sets of cars and chassis, including several models of new generation cars — dump trucks 6580, 65801, 65802, transport vehicles — 65206 and 65208. Component the KAMAZ base and the Daimler cab are the KAMAZ-6520 “Lux” dump trucks and the KAMAZ-65201 “Lux” dump trucks with modern comfortable cab and greater load carrying capacity. In April 2017, serial assembly of KAMAZ-5490 NEO vehicles began at the automobile plant here. In February, already this year, a new truck tractor with an index of 65209 was assembled. This is another model of a new family of cars. This new car has a 6x2 wheel formula and a rear lift axle, which allows you to save fuel when driving without a load or without a semi-trailer. And these are just a few examples. In parallel with partners, machines are being developed for a narrow segment of tasks, for example, an all-terrain vehicle-autohouse on low-pressure tires KAMAZ-Arctic, etc.
30. Look, what a beauty and power this “KAMAZ-Arctic”!
How are KAMAZ trucks assembled more than cars, thousands, KAMAZ, plant, plant, KAMAZ, very, KAMAZ, cars, also, near, Naberezhnye, plant, and, first, cars, then, conveyor, conveyor

By the way, a few words about the very emblem of KAMAZ. This is a steppe horse - argamak.It has long been known about their beauty, intelligence and devotion to the owner. And yet, because the horse and the symbol of speed, power and determination. Because of the unusual qualities of these horses, the Chinese emperors started wars, considering them to be one of the treasures of the silk road. The ancestors of the current argamaks carried the riders of the troops of Darius and Alexander of Macedon on themselves. And then the stars came together. The plant itself was built from scratch, and in the Kama steppes, and our machines are powerful, with the help of their any task can be done. Although, to be honest, for a long time our auto giant on Kame was without an emblem. Yes, in 1973 the company officially registered the trademarks KAMAZ and KAMAZ and stopped there. Until then, until they appointed to drive advertising at the factory Olga Voroshina (now Yakubova, yes, we are almost namesakes :)) in 1985. So she achieved that it would be nice to decorate such decent cars with a mount. At the Moscow Institute of Industrial Graphics, the emblem was brought to mind and in 1987 the management approved this idea. This is how the modern emblem of KAMAZ appeared. In 1999, this combined logo, written in Cyrillic and Latin, was patented.
31.
How are KAMAZ trucks assembled more than cars, thousands, KAMAZ, plant, plant, KAMAZ, very, KAMAZ, cars, also, near, Naberezhnye, plant, and, first, cars, then, conveyor, conveyor

32.And now the brand new KAMAZ-5490 NEO (M1840) is ready for casting in front of buyers
How are KAMAZ trucks assembled more than cars, thousands, KAMAZ, plant, plant, KAMAZ, very, KAMAZ, cars, also, near, Naberezhnye, plant, and, first, cars, then, conveyor, conveyor

33. And I even met Sergey Kogogin here. He is the most important. We are together and we recommend you to open and invite Zavodich to your production more often! Let everyone know that the Russian industry is the best in the world! Once again, many thanks to the entire press service of KAMAZ PJSC for organizing such an interesting and informative trip!
How are KAMAZ trucks assembled more than cars, thousands, KAMAZ, plant, plant, KAMAZ, very, KAMAZ, cars, also, near, Naberezhnye, plant, and, first, cars, then, conveyor, conveyor

All my KAMAZ history:
How are KAMAZ trucks assembled more than cars, thousands, KAMAZ, plant, plant, KAMAZ, very, KAMAZ, cars, also, near, Naberezhnye, plant, and, first, cars, then, conveyor, conveyor
How are KAMAZ trucks assembled more than cars, thousands, KAMAZ, plant, plant, KAMAZ, very, KAMAZ, cars, also, near, Naberezhnye, plant, and, first, cars, then, conveyor, conveyor
How are KAMAZ trucks assembled more than cars, thousands, KAMAZ, plant, plant, KAMAZ, very, KAMAZ, cars, also, near, Naberezhnye, plant, and, first, cars, then, conveyor, conveyor
How are KAMAZ trucks assembled more than cars, thousands, KAMAZ, plant, plant, KAMAZ, very, KAMAZ, cars, also, near, Naberezhnye, plant, and, first, cars, then, conveyor, conveyor
How are KAMAZ trucks assembled more than cars, thousands, KAMAZ, plant, plant, KAMAZ, very, KAMAZ, cars, also, near, Naberezhnye, plant, and, first, cars, then, conveyor, conveyor
How are KAMAZ trucks assembled more than cars, thousands, KAMAZ, plant, plant, KAMAZ, very, KAMAZ, cars, also, near, Naberezhnye, plant, and, first, cars, then, conveyor, conveyor
How are KAMAZ trucks assembled more than cars, thousands, KAMAZ, plant, plant, KAMAZ, very, KAMAZ, cars, also, near, Naberezhnye, plant, and, first, cars, then, conveyor, conveyor
How are KAMAZ trucks assembled more than cars, thousands, KAMAZ, plant, plant, KAMAZ, very, KAMAZ, cars, also, near, Naberezhnye, plant, and, first, cars, then, conveyor, conveyor
How are KAMAZ trucks assembled more than cars, thousands, KAMAZ, plant, plant, KAMAZ, very, KAMAZ, cars, also, near, Naberezhnye, plant, and, first, cars, then, conveyor, conveyor
How are KAMAZ trucks assembled more than cars, thousands, KAMAZ, plant, plant, KAMAZ, very, KAMAZ, cars, also, near, Naberezhnye, plant, and, first, cars, then, conveyor, conveyor

R. S. Dear owners and shareholders, representatives of the press services of companies, marketing departments and other interested parties, if your company has something to show, “How this is done and why this is so!”, We are always happy to participate. Feel free to email usand tell us about yourself by inviting us to visit you.




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