How to treat celibacy in past times

6-11-2017, 14:34
Celibacy in the peasant environment was not welcome. Having a family, as believed in the Moscow state for many centuries in a row, is a sign of decency and maturity of the individual. Opinion unmarried men did not take into account either in the family or at the gathering. And the old maidens could not be present in the same room with the woman in labor and at the wedding table. But unmarried women were actively involved in the funeral rites.
How to treat celibacy in past times
Marriage in Russia is a personal, ecclesiastical, social, and economic institution.
In the peasant environment to celibacy treated extremely negative. Many young people were in a hurry to get married, this gave the guy influence on the gathering, respect in the community. And to the girl - security, the ability to realize the main task - the birth and upbringing of children. To interfere with the choice of a pair was risky. Rural girls at the age of 20-23 were considered overgrown with girls, their chances of getting married were much lower in comparison with girlfriends of 14-17 years old.
Family tea.
How to treat celibacy in past times
The obligation to marry was dictated by the economic conditions of rural life.As the right historian N.S. Nizhnik, a peasant farm could function fully, if both a man and a woman take part in it. The responsibility of the hostess was to care for family members (sew clothes, feed), care for livestock, harvest. Men's tasks are the procurement of firewood, construction and maintenance of buildings, field work. Only in this way could a full-fledged economy be formed, capable of developing and generating income.
Marriage was considered not only as a personal institution, but also as a business transaction. When choosing a groom, attention was paid to the prestige of his family and the level of wealth. When choosing a bride, physical health and diligence were important criteria, as the young mistress went into the courtyard of her husband's family, where she had to work under the guidance of the big and big (the father-in-law and the mother-in-law).
Often, girls with poor health, if the family had above-average wealth, decided to abandon marriage. Such a difficult choice in favor of the marginal position in society was due to the fear of the share of the young daughter-in-law, who was to be in complete submission from the members of the new family.
Parental blessing before the wedding.
How to treat celibacy in past times
For marriage, mutual sympathy of the bride and groom was desirable, but not mandatory. This decision was made taking into account many factors, the dominant of which was the favor of the parents. The church did not approve of marriages between people with a large difference in age, as well as being related to each other. The virginity of the bride was not a prerequisite for marriage, as the historian and jurist N. Tarusina writes. But the family could be fined if it was determined that the girl married was unclean.
What could prevent the creation of a family
How to treat celibacy in past times
The reasons that prevent marriage are significant physical defects (lameness, deformity), soreness, deafness. But it often happened that attractive healthy people found it difficult to find a pair. This was due to pereborochnosti, when the girl refused to groom, considering them unworthy. Meanwhile, time did not play in her favor, and potential suitors began to think that attempts to woo themselves were in vain. And gradually, the girl became the so-called reshuffling, which was not prestigious to marry.
Wedding party
Also, peasants believed that the cause of celibacy was damage, an incorrect rite at birth, and dementia of parents. Another obstacle to creating a family is the rumors of fellow villagers about hidden flaws (or suspicions about them).
"Single - half a man" A man who did not get a wife, was not considered a full member of the peasant community. Nobody took him seriously, he was in the eyes of fellow villagers "small", even in adulthood after 30 years.
It was not shameful among the villagers in a joking way to suggest why the bride ignored him, unceremoniously enumerating the conjectures about the physical flaws.
"The old girl - a family ulcer"
How to treat celibacy in past times
Many rural girls, in spite of the difficulties of family life, preferred to marry a guy with disabilities, but without delay. Scarecrow fate earn the reputation of an overly picky bride who wastes precious time in vain. Each extra year spent in girlhood made the prospect of becoming an age-old duck (perekarka, house-cook, rejection) more realistic.
Such a reputation reduced the likelihood of a successful marriage, as it was considered shameful to call for a remake.Only guys who had flaws themselves were solved on this - a bad kind, physical disabilities, poverty. It was possible to marry a widower, but often the girls were afraid of them, because it was believed that the premature death of his wife did not come without the help of her husband or with all the blame for the clan curse.
The old maidens were not particularly harassed in the father’s house, sometimes they even occupied the role of a big lady in the house if they demonstrated dexterity and prudence in economic affairs. But in the case of troubles or property disputes, the decision was not made in the interests of the age-olds. Their complaints in court and at the village assembly were not taken seriously.
The attitude of the peasant community to the old maidens was ambiguous - they were feared, respected for sexual abstinence and condemned for resisting their habitual way of life.
How to treat celibacy in past times
It was strictly forbidden for old maids to take birth, to participate in wedding ceremonies. But the eternities were an important element of other ritual acts. For example, along with widows and older women, old maids took an active part in the plowing ritual - its essence is to prevent infectious diseases that are dangerous for livestock from entering the village.Women harnessed to a plow and made a furrow around the village. It was believed that this is a reliable protection against loss of livestock. Also the century-olds often became healers, their help was in demand at the funeral rites.
And the death of the oldest maiden was made out like a wedding, writes the historian Z. Mukhin. In this way, fellow villagers helped to accomplish the female task during the lifetime in a symbolic form.

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