If your leg is tight, what to do? Leg cramps: first aid
Convulsions, otherwise - spasms or cramps, are involuntary muscle contractions, accompanied by acute pain. They are almost impossible to tolerate, and a person who has cramps, need urgent help. We will try to answer the question “if the leg has cramped what to do” in this article.
Types of cramps
In medicine, there are two types of seizures:
- clonic - jerky synchronous muscle contractions, which alternate with relaxation;
- tonic - manifested in the form of prolonged muscle tension.
Causes of seizures
Very often in people from the age of 60 years, legs are tied up at night. Before the occurrence of cramps felt fatigue, heaviness and pain in the legs. The causes of muscle contractions in the elderly are:
- poor blood circulation;
There are several other reasons that can cause seizures.One of the most common is the lack of trace elements in the body, proteins, vitamins B and D. In pregnant women, muscle pain is caused by a lack of calcium.
Leg cramps may be irregular, occurring only in periods. And they can appear in almost all people of any age. Many are familiar with the situation when, during swimming in cold water, for example, in the fall in a river or a lake, cramps begin to reduce legs.
Causes of seizures may be:
- uncomfortable shoes;
- flat feet;
If the cramps are regular, then it can be a signal to the body for serious health problems. Therefore, if the legs are constantly moving, the doctor should prescribe the treatment. It is not recommended to self-medicate. Do not wait until the "self pass." Since very often similar muscle contractions appear when:
- thyroid disease or heart disease;
- varicose veins;
- venous insufficiency;
- multiple sclerosis.
What to do when leg muscle cramps?
The most important thing is not to get nervous and calm down. Take a deep breath.Most often, simply prick a needle with a muscle that hurts. But you can pierce the skin, and bring infection. Therefore, it is enough to simply pinch the contracted muscle. Flexion and extension of the knee joint also helps.
When reducing the muscles of the legs, you can relieve tension and ordinary massage. But it must be intense, with quick stroking and patting movements. Then you need to lie down and lift your legs up at an angle of 60 °. Due to this, blood will be provided to the muscles, and the cramp will pass. Then the horizontal position is taken. Under the feet encloses a small pillow to stabilize blood flow.
Fans of sports competitions, for example, football, often see that by the end of a match, some players will have cramps. Comrades lay them on the lawn, lift their legs (feet) at an angle of 60 ° and fix in this position. The blood begins to circulate normally and the cramps go away.
If the leg has cramped - what to do In the case when the cramp has arisen due to hypothermia, the muscle must be warmed and rubbed with alcohol. You can also rub with a warming ointment.Make a massage, then warmly dress and shine. But it should be remembered that rubbing with warming ointments and alcohol should not be done with thrombosis or varicose veins.
Lemon juice helps with cramps. They can lubricate the legs or smooth movements rubbed into the skin of the feet.
What if the cramps are repeated regularly?
If convulsions occur regularly, you should consult a doctor who will prescribe the necessary tests: blood biochemistry, ultrasound, MRI and CT. If it turns out that the cause of persistent seizures was a lack of vitamins and microelements, then you need to revise your diet, adding there products that contain vitamin B and D, calcium, selenium, magnesium, sodium and potassium.
What to do if calves in water?
When the legs cramped in the water, first of all, you need to calm down, try to roll over onto your back and, breathing deeply, paddle towards the shore. Or to group in the pose of a "bomblet", and try to stretch your leg until complete relaxation. But for the second method you need to be able to hold your breath under water. If you don’t have enough strength to cope on your own, it’s best to call for help from those around you to help get ashore.
If the leg has cramped - what to do If you experience cramps in the hips, you need to lie on your back. Then the leg is wrapped around the hand at the ankle, bent at the knee and strongly attracted to the back.
When the cramp caught up in the pool, you just need to take a warm shower, warming your muscles. After the pain retreats, you can return to the water again.
Prevention of seizures
Stretching is a very good prophylactic against seizures. This mainly applies to sports fans. Before training it is necessary to stretch well and warm the muscles.
If the leg has cramped - what to do It is best to prevent such moments than to experience acute pain with involuntary muscle contraction. There are general rules, the observance of which serve as preventive measures against the occurrence of seizures:
- do morning exercises;
- wear comfortable shoes only;
- distribute the load on the legs so that they do not get tired much;
- to run;
- rub feet with ginger or chamomile oil;
- wear socks and tights only from natural materials;
- in the evenings, make mustard baths for the feet or take a contrast shower;
- eat right, not forgetting to include in the diet vitamins and foods containing calcium, magnesium, potassium;
- take a warm bath in which to add soda and ginger;
- drink enough water;
- avoid excessive weight;
- You can sleep in woolen socks, which helps to relax the muscles.
Exercises to relieve cramps in the legs
When legs are knocked down at night, it is often sufficient to restore blood circulation to relieve cramps. To do this, you need to get up on your feet, and distribute your weight evenly on each of them.
When the calves, it is necessary to stand up and straighten up. Then “roll” the foot from toe to heel. If the leg cramped does not obey, then you can help with your hands, but the movements should be smooth.
Or another way: sitting on a chair, tighten and straighten a spasmodic limb. At the same time, the pain first intensifies, but then quickly passes as soon as the blood circulation is restored.
If the leg has cramped - what to do Oftensuch muscle cramps occur due to leg numbness, poor blood circulation. To relieve tension, you can bend and unbend the fingers on the feet.Or to make circular rotations with extended legs. These exercises are performed in a seated pose. You can also stand on the outer edges of the foot and trample a bit in this position.