Moscow region. Museum of Heroes Panfilov and Memorial
Just over 100 kilometers from Moscow, Volokolamsky district. Now the trip to the city center from here takes an hour and a half - the distance by all standards is very tiny. And then .. The euphoria of an early victory on one side and fierce, at any cost, resistance from the other. Yes, rather, in that memorable battle there were not 28 people, but a full company - about 140. This and the fact that the feat of all the defenders of Moscow in this area was narrowed down to a certain mythical platoon even the museum guides openly say.
While preparing the post, I read that the official version of the events of November 16, 1941 was secretly recognized by the USSR Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office as a fiction in 1948. Meaning fights themselves and exploits all the people to defend our country humiliated, subjected to analysis and criticism were not. And you can not do this in any case.
Not the most important thing, how many people were then in Dubosekovo.After all, no one considers whether the Spartans were in fact 300 or not. It is important that people fought for their homeland. The very fact of the creation of a cult and fiction, if everything was so, is also not to be condemned. At a time when the existence of the country and the fate of many millions of its inhabitants are at stake, and half a day is left before the capital, many ways of raising morale and examples of how to fight are important.
Dubosekovo is a sacred place. Like Mamaev Kurgan, Prokhorovka, forests near Vyazma, where the bodies of hundreds of thousands of surrounded Soviet soldiers lie and who are still found like the swamps of the Novgorod region, where the 2nd shock, like Rzhev or the Brest Fortress, died. Like any city, village, or just a clearing that the war has affected. Like any place where blood was shed in the solution of state-wide issues and the fates of ordinary people were distorted.
This must definitely come. It is desirable, of course, not only on holidays and round dates. Come when it's quiet around, and worship all who fell in the battles for Moscow, for this silence. And not only for her. Even the names and surnames are not so important. The name of those people is one - Defender. The Moscow battle shows well what a person is capable of defending the Motherland.
You just need to stand under the Monument and imagine .. no, no one can imagine that hell. And no books and movies in this are not helpers. You just need to think.
So, the museum and the Monument.
1. The museum is located in the village of Nelidovo, Volokolamsk district, 2 km from the Dubosekovo junction. Opened in 1967, the day of the 25th anniversary of the liberation of Volokolamsk from the Germans
2. There are 2 rooms in total, but there are many exhibits.
3. When much depended on just a couple of kilometers ..
4. The servicemen, who would later be called Panfilov, recruited the cities of Alma-Ata and Frunze in the 316th Infantry Division. It was commanded by Major General I.V. Panfilov, who had previously been the military commissar of Kyrgyzstan.
According to the official version, 28 people from the 4th company of the 2nd battalion of the 1075th infantry regiment led by political commander Vasily Klochkov on November 16, 1941, at the Dubosekovo junction near Volokolamsk, in 4 hours of battle, 18 tanks were destroyed. All died. Klochkov's phrase "Russia is great, but there is nowhere to retreat - behind Moscow!" became one of the winged.
5. In 1948 and 1988, the official version was recognized as fiction, but the defensive battles themselves and the heroism shown by the defenders were not disputed.
It is interesting that about the battle with the details that in the official version, none of the commanders, who are above the Panfilov company, report from the 2nd battalion, which included the company, to Panfilov himself and the commander of the 16th army, the future marshal, Rokossovsky. The Germans were also silent, although the fact of losing so many tanks with success on the front would not be easy to cover. Not survived and no military documents on the fighting 28 people. According to commanders and eyewitnesses, that day a lot more people fought
Where did the number 28 come from?
During the investigation of the USSR Chief Military Prosecutor’s Office, the documents of interrogation of the front correspondent Koroteyev were preserved. The first article about Panfilov in the Red Star for November 27, 1941 belongs to him.
“About November 23-24, 1941, I was at the headquarters of the 16th Army. When we left the army headquarters, we met the commissar of the 8th Panfilov Division, Yegorov, who told us about the extremely difficult situation on the front and said that our people are fighting heroically In particular, Egorov gave an example of a heroic battle between a single company and German tanks, 54 tanks attacked the line of the company, and the company detained them, partly destroying them.Egorov himself was not a participant in the battle, but told from the words of the regimental commissar, who also did not participate in the battle with German tanks. Yegorov recommended to write in the newspaper about the heroic battle of a company with enemy tanks, having first got acquainted with the political reporter who arrived from the regiment ...
The political replay talked about fighting the fifth company with enemy tanks and that the company was "dead" - killed, but not retreated, and only two people turned out to be traitors, raised their hands to surrender to the Germans, but they were destroyed by our fighters. The report did not mention the number of soldiers of the company who died in this battle, and did not mention their names. We did not establish this either from conversations with the regiment commander. It was impossible to get into the regiment, and Egorov did not advise us to try to enter the regiment.
Upon arrival in Moscow, I reported the situation to the editor of the Krasnaya Zvezda newspaper, Ortenberg, and told me about the battle of the company with the enemy tanks. Ortenberg asked me how many people were in the company. I answered him that the composition of the company, apparently, was incomplete, approximately 30-40 people; I also said that two of these people were traitors ... I did not know that the front line was preparing for this topic, but Ortenberg once again called me and asked how many people were in the company. I answered him that about 30 people.Thus, the number of 28 people who fought appeared, since two out of 30 turned out to be traitors. Ortenberg said that it was impossible to write about two traitors, and, apparently, after consulting with someone, he decided to write only one traitor in the front line. "
6. The fate of some of the "dead" 28 people is also interesting. For example, one person was captured by Dubosekovo, later collaborated with the Germans in the occupied territories, sending Soviet citizens to forced labor in Germany. Then, fearing his reprisals during the retreat of the Germans, he fled from the invaders. He was again drafted into the Soviet army, ended the war in Austria, and died in 1996
7. With all this, I repeat that no one reconsiders the value of the battles and the heroism of the sections of the Moscow battle and has no right to condemn.
The museum has a lot of documents and photos telling about those events.