Plan for describing the country of Peru: geography and politics
In the plan for describing the country, Peru stands in the mandatoryorder to include the geographical features and advantages of its position, the story of the climatic zones and zones in its territory, as well as a brief information about the political system and the history of state building, which was rich in various events. The state has a long history that goes back centuries. However, the Europeans did not open these lands until the XVI century.
Plan for describing the country of Peru (Grade 7)
Geography of the country is extremely diverse - from the moist forests of the Peruvian Amazon to dry high-mountain deserts and snow-capped mountain peaks of the Andes.
A wide variety of reliefs, ocean currents and mountain ranges create a wide variety of climatic zones with different temperature regimes and precipitation in the republic.
Most of Peru occupy well-wateredplains. Therefore, giving a description of the country of Peru according to the plan, Grade 7 should pay special attention to the significance of the selva for the ecology of the entire continent. Experts believe that the countryside of Brazil and Peru is the main planetary factory for the production of oxygen.
Flora and fauna of Peru
Due to the great climatic diversity in Peruyou can meet many different kinds of animals and plants, many of which are not found elsewhere. Specialists count more than 5 000 endemic species in Peru.
The forests of the country are inhabited by large predators, such aspumas and jaguars, and the coastal waters serve as a home for whales, sperm whales and sharks. On an industrial scale, sea bass, various mollusks and crustaceans, tuna and favorite anchovies are mined.
The country's economy and development potential
Over the long years of reforms begun inthe eighties of the twentieth century, the country's economy has reached a level of high development and, according to the new data of the International Bank, is today the thirty-ninth place in the rating of economic development.
The wealth and prosperity of the Peruvian Republicmany factors contribute. Natural and recreational resources, in demand on the international market, as well as competent administration and reasonable public spending make Peru an extremely attractive country for investment.
Unlike neighboring countries, where the stateactively interferes in the affairs of private business, in Peru develop a market economy. This allows you to maintain a minimum level of inflation throughout Latin America, not exceeding 2%.
Peru is an urbanized country in whichmore than 70% of the 30 million people live in cities, and the economy is a mixed agro-industrial type. At the same time, industry is mainly represented by mining and the main export raw materials are copper along with zinc and oil. The processing industry is poorly developed, but an important place is occupied by the tourism industry. Tourists are attracted by archaeological monuments, preserved after the Inca civilization, as well as natural attractions. Ski tourism and mountaineering are actively developing.
State Building in Peru
In the plan for describing the country of Peru in the mandatoryorder should include a story about the political structure of the country. According to the classification held by experts on constitutional law, Peru is a super-presidential republic. The president occupies a very special place in the political system of the country, heading both the government and the state. Parliament consists of one chamber and is called Congress.
The country description plan for Peru can not be completewithout mentioning all three branches of power. With regard to the judiciary, the court is considered nominally independent, but in the history of the country there are enough examples of the intervention of the executive in the decision-making process. Some observers believe that this is possible today.
Successfully resolved in the twentieth century the majorityconflicts with their neighbors, the government began to develop international regional cooperation. Peru is one of the countries on whose initiative the Andean Community of Nations was created.