Poem "The Borodino Anniversary": Pushkin and his ideas about the significance of Russia
One of the most significant patrioticpoems in Russian poetry is the work "Borodino anniversary". Pushkin, the author of this work, expressed in him a firm confidence in the power of the Russian Empire, its internal and external strength. He also asserted the idea that the country is able to resist any enemy in the international arena. It is interesting that this poem was created around the same time with another equally famous work of the poet - "Slanderers of Russia", in which he also held the idea of preserving his strength and greatness by the Russian people.
History of the creation of the poem
In response to the suppression of the Polish Uprisinga poem "The Borodino anniversary" appeared. Pushkin, who always reacted very sensitively to contemporary events, wrote two works at once, in which he expressed confidence in the indivisibility of the empire. At this time, the poet moved away from youthful revolutionary romance, his mature writings are distinguished by greater restraint and loyalty to the authorities. Many critics note that Alexander Sergeevich considered Poland's entry into the empire as a pledge of its integrity.
Therefore, he spoke positively about the suppression ofPolish uprising, although in his correspondence with friends he often admired the courage of those people who fought for their country. However, the main addressee of these poems was not the leaders of the uprising, but Europe, or rather, those of its representatives who called for armed intervention in Russian-Polish relations.
Very relevant for its time waspoem "The Borodino anniversary". Pushkin in it directly addressed to those European deputies who believed that their countries should help the Polish insurgents in their armed struggle.
The poet himself considered the contradictions between Poland andRussia "an old family dispute," as he claimed in another poem mentioned by us and in correspondence. Therefore, the author argued that European states should not interfere in this Slavic dispute. The main claim of the poet is not to the Polish rebels, but to those who wanted to forcefully intervene in Russia's policy.
Numerous examples of the past are completework "The Borodino anniversary". Pushkin, who knew Russian history very well, remembers the glory and greatness of the empire, first of all the victory on the Borodino field, which occurred on August 26. On the same day, the Russian troops took Warsaw in 1831 - hence the name of the poem.
The poet, referring to the opponents of Russia, listsall the misfortunes and misfortunes that our country has undergone in the past, and declares that it has not only not weakened, but has retained its former strength, power and greatness. Many poems of Alexander Pushkin imbued with the spirit of patriotism due to the author's admiration for the past of the Russian state. In the same work, the poet made historical themes particularly relevant, showing on specific examples that our country is able to withstand any trials.
There is a point of view that the work wasordered the poet himself Emperor Nicholas I, who wanted to make him the ideologist of his policy. However, it should be noted here that the work in question corresponds to the ideological evolution that the poet passed in his work. In adulthood Alexander Sergeevich in his works conducted the idea of the great importance of Russia, and this idea became the main in his poem "The Borodino anniversary". Pushkin (the year of writing the work - 1831) renounced youth revolutionary ideas and turned to historical themes, seeing in the past the country's pledge of a happy future.