"Raids on citizens in the USSR": how Andropov fought with loafers
The board of Yury Vladimirovich Andropov as the General Secretary of the CPSU Central Committee was one of the most short-lived - he had only been in this position for about 15 months. This period was remembered for many residents of the Soviet Union by the appearance on the shelves of record stores of popular Western artists, who had previously been banned, as they were considered ideologically "wrong", as well as Andropovka vodka.
But most of all “the epoch of Andropov”, which lasted from November 1982 to February 1984, was remembered by the citizens of the USSR by a tough fight against the parasites and shirkers.
"Good day. Why aren't you at work? ”
You could hear such a question in 1983 from a law enforcement officer, even if you just walked down the street or decided to visit a public place (cinema, bathhouse, cafe) during working hours.Usually, the police checked all documents, and then wondered why you were not at work at the moment. Lists of violators were compiled, which included not only adults, but even schoolchildren. After these lists were handed over to the management of enterprises where citizens were listed with the requirement to explain the reason for their absence from work during working hours.
Why were such events held?
In order to answer this question, it is necessary to understand what kind of person Yuri Andropov was. From 1967 to 1982 he headed the USSR State Security Committee. Historians and political experts characterized him as a man with an iron grip who knew well the state of the state and what it needed. Already soon after taking office as General Secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU, he announced that the country needed change. According to him, the people “got loose” during the times of the Brezhnev period of stagnation.
Was there any tangible effect of such raids on truggers?
It should be understood that the “raids on loafers” were only a part of the changes and economic reforms that Yury Vladimirovich Andropov began to carry out during his rule by the Soviet Union.In addition, measures in the field of combating corruption, violations in the field of trade, as well as speculation were seriously tightened (for these reasons it was officially allowed to sell recordings of Western artists in the style of rock, pop and disco).
Yuri Andropov also insisted that it was necessary to rapidly develop domestic production, as well as to achieve high quality indicators for Soviet goods. At the same time, he was opposed to the export of any goods from abroad, as he believed that only what had been done in the Union should be sold in stores. Considering the fact that his rule was very short, he didn’t manage to realize all the ideas and ideas.
As for the effectiveness of his programs to tighten labor discipline (including raids on shirkers), together with other measures taken by them, they have had some effect. In 1983, a 6 percent increase was recorded in the production of the national economy.
When and for what reason were the raids on loafers stopped?
The practice of holding such events ceased in February 1984, when Yury Vladimirovich Andropov died.After that, the USSR authorities did not resort to such radical and to some extent controversial methods of dealing with a low level of discipline in enterprises.