Signs of Stroke

Stroke, not everyone knows the meaning of this word, what is it, what are the signs of a stroke in a person?

Stroke is an acute, life-threatening violationblood circulation in the brain, it leads to the withering away of the brain tissue, it occurs because the brain ceases to receive the nutrition, oxygen necessary for its functioning, it is damaged, in addition, a rupture or blockage of the brain vessel may occur.

Strokes divide into:

  • cerebral hemorrhage
  • ischemic stroke
  • subarachnoid hemorrhage

Ischemic stroke

Such a stroke is most often found in patients older than 60 years who have a history of myocardial infarction, diabetes, heart defects.

With ischemic stroke, the functions suddenly fall out, for which one or another part of the brain responds. Basically, patients develop disorders of sensory and motor functions, functions of speech, sight.

The signs of an ischemic stroke are as follows:

Movement disorders

  • awkward, weak, partial movements on one side of the body
  • weakness in the limbs
  • swallowing disorders
  • coordination disorders

Violation of speech

  • speech disorders, its understanding and use
  • violation of reading and writing
  • blurring of speech

Sensitive disorders

  • partial or total change in sensitivity from one side of the body
  • loss of vision on one eye
  • loss of sight on one side
  • double-blindness
  • double vision

Vestibular Stroke Signs

  • dizziness
  • feeling of rotation of objects

Violations of behavior and cognitive functions

  • loss of orientation in space
  • memory impairment
  • Difficulty in performing daily tasks (brushing teeth)

Intracerebral discharge

This type of hemorrhagic stroke is the mostcommon, especially the signs of stroke in women and men manifest from 45 to 60 years. The anamnesis of these patients contains cerebral atherosclerosis, hypertension, hypertension, blood diseases. Very often the signs of a stroke of the brain can be overlooked, since it can develop quite suddenly, however, it is worth knowing them.

Signs of intracerebral outpouring:

General cerebral symptoms

  • vomiting
  • a sharp headache
  • epileptic seizures
  • psychomotor agitation
  • loss of consciousness

Focal Symptoms

  • impaired coordination of movements
  • impaired motor function (paralysis)
  • change in the level of consciousness
  • attenuation
  • disruption of the cranial nerves (mimicry, swallowing, sight)
  • speech disorders, problems with understanding other people's speech
  • pelvic disorders

Meningeal symptoms (special symptoms of intracerebral outpouring)

  • increased muscle tone
  • stiff neck
  • increased sensitivity in general, hypertension (intolerance of bright light, loud speech)
  • painful phenomena

Subarachnoid haemorrhage

This hemorrhage is mainly at the age offrom 30 to 60 years. Subarachnoid hemorrhage, signs of stroke in men are more likely to appear in smokers, chronic alcoholics, people with excessive body weight and hypertension. It can occur spontaneously when the aneurysm ruptures.

Signs of subarachnoid hemorrhage:

  • sudden, sudden headache, with peaks for a few seconds
  • loss of consciousness
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • double vision
  • loss of peripheral vision
  • psychomotor agitation
  • weakness or paralysis of one side of the body
  • loss of sensation on one side of the body
  • speech disorders and language comprehension

Despite the fact that different types of stroke have different symptoms, the first signs of a stroke can be determined independently, without waiting for a doctor, having conducted a test for "4 signs of a stroke."

  1. It is necessary to ask the patient to smile, in stroke, he can not do it so that both corners of the mouth are on the same line and the smile will seem a curve.
  2. You need to ask to say something simple, for example, "Today is a warm day." A person with a stroke can not say a clear sentence.
  3. Ask them to raise their two hands up and watch whether it will be possible to complete this task in whole or in part.
  4. Ask to stick out your tongue and see if it turns and is not twisted.

In the event that at least one task has not been performed by a person, then you need to immediately call an "ambulance" and describe all the symptoms.

To date, stroke is the main social and medical problem of neurology.

Each year, a stroke occurs in about 6 million people, in Russia, the figure exceeds 450,000 people.

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