Skin Fungus: Symptoms and Treatment
Mycosis, or a fungus of the skin, is an unpleasant disease that occurs because specific fungal microorganisms hit the body parts. Their livelihoods cause a person a feeling of discomfort. This disease can appear on any part of the body: on the feet, palms, nails, head and other skin areas.
Causes of the problem
This disease occurs for various reasons. First, infection can occur due to external factors. In this case, fungal microorganisms penetrate through damaged skin, microcracks or injured nails. Usually this can happen in a sauna, bath, pool, away. Also, a person can become infected if he does not use his personal hygiene items, or because of wearing someone else’s shoes. The risk of infection with increased humidity in certain areas of the body and scuffs, diaper rash, which arise from cramped shoes and clothing, increases.
Secondly, a skin or nail fungus may appear for internal reasons. These include:
- Weak immunity.
- Hormonal abnormalities or the use of hormonal drugs.
- Prolonged use of antibiotics that is not accompanied by supportive therapy.
- Excessive use of antibacterial cosmetics.
- AIDS or HIV.
Symptoms of mycosis
Once the infection has occurred, the fungus begins to develop. Such livelihoods usually cause the following reaction in the affected area:
- Itching and discomfort.
- Discoloration (usually redness).
- The appearance of peeling, cracks, wounds, diaper rash, rashes.
- The fungus causes a specific smell in the area where it is “settled down”.
- Often amid the development of mycosis weakens immunity. This leads to colds and frequent lack of strength.
Similar symptoms or only some of them may indicate a skin fungus, therefore, do not delay, contact your dermatologist or therapist. They will diagnose and prescribe treatment. If measures are not taken as soon as possible, the disease will grow. This will cause the skin, nails and mucous membranes to become deformed. In some cases, internal organs are at risk.It will be much more difficult to get rid of the spreading fungus.
Diagnosis and treatment
To establish the diagnosis and nature of the fungal infection, visual inspection is sometimes not enough. Usually, the attending physician takes smears and conducts laboratory tests. It may also require blood sampling to determine the general condition of the affected person. The most accurate diagnosis can significantly reduce the period of treatment.
For each type of microorganism, a different method of control is selected. Treatment of fungus of the skin of the body is usually carried out with anti-inflammatory creams. These include "Miconazole", "Oxyconazole", "Hydrocortisone", "Sertaconazole", "Nystatin". But it must be remembered that if you choose the drug yourself there is a risk of being mistaken and aggravate the situation. Fungal infections are distinguished by their tolerance to drugs, so only a doctor is able to choose the right drug and prescribe therapy in several stages. If you do not adhere to the specified scheme, the skin fungus can develop into a chronic disease, from which it will become even more difficult to get rid of.
Apply the ointment to the affected area several times a day. The course can last from two weeks to a month. In certain situations, it is necessary to supplement the treatment with antimycotic drugs that are taken by mouth. The scheme of their reception is also a doctor. But besides the main treatment, it is necessary to use drugs and vitamin complexes that will help support the liver. This is usually “Karsil”, “Essentiale” or “Levenziale”.
Fungus on the skin: treatment by folk methods
In addition to the main course, some add folk recipes that are designed to ease the course of the disease and speed up the healing process.
You can make a pine tincture of cones and needles. For this, 250 grams of collection is poured with a liter of vodka or medical alcohol. It is necessary to insist in a corked container in a dark place for two weeks. Strain the liquid applied to the painful areas twice a day. This course lasts at least two weeks.
This ointment from the fungus on the skin is prepared from a clove of garlic. It is crushed to a state of slurry. In a liter of water sprinkle salt (25 gr.) And boil. A spoonful of salt water is poured into the garlic.The mass is thoroughly stirred and 4 more tablespoons of water with salt are added. This composition to smear the affected areas three times a day. The treatment should be continued for two or three weeks. Every 12 hours you need to prepare a new garlic portion, because this one loses its strength.
If a fungus is found on the face, it can be treated with an ointment made from activated charcoal and lard. Pound the powder into a powder, and melt the fat. Mix the two components and apply the resulting ointment at bedtime on the fungus on the skin. Treatment can also be carried out using garlic and onion juice. It is no less effective.
Head mycosis: symptoms
There are several varieties of fungal microorganisms that affect the scalp. Each of them has its own symptoms. But you can highlight common signs by which it is easy to determine that you were struck by a scalp fungus:
- Separate scaly areas appear.
- Perhaps the formation of pink specks, which are gradually covered with yellowish or grayish crusts.
- Since the disease usually affects not only the skin, but also the hair follicles, the condition of the hair deteriorates markedly.They become faded, dry and intensively fall on the damaged areas, balding appear.
- Hair can break at the very base, so black dots can be seen on the skin.
- With ringworm (surface form), purulent sores are formed on the skin.
In each case, there are symptoms that depend on the type of fungal infection. An accurate diagnosis is able to doctor.
Treatment of mycosis of the head
There are many ways to get rid of this disease, but the course of therapy itself can last a long period, usually not less than a month. After identifying the cause and type of the disease, appropriate antifungal agents of systemic action are prescribed. In the treatment of modern drugs, it is important to always read their contraindications, usually they have a high toxicity.
To cure a scalp fungus, the doctor may prescribe Miconazole, Clotrimazole, Griseofulvin. Also effective can be local preparations in the form of shampoos and balms that have antifungal activity. If the disease has complications or was missed, antibiotics may be required.
Popular recipes are popular. For example, you can apply a few drops of eucalyptus oil to a brush and gently brush your hair with it. This will help soothe the itch.
It is also recommended to dilute vinegar (1: 1) in distilled water and to coat the affected areas with this solution every day. On the third day you can feel relief. Continue to smear his head need another one or two months.
Mycosis on hands
Most often, the hands are susceptible to infection with a fungus-dermatophyte. Usually it settles between the fingers, moves to the nail plate and skin. Most often, this disease attacks people with weak immunity, with endocrine and impaired diabetes.
The fungus on the skin of the hands can not be confused with something else. Often it affects the nails, modifying them. They acquire an unpleasant yellowish gray color. There may be growths, thickening and destruction. The skin on the hands of the areas changes color from pale pink to blue. Also, spots of moist or flaky nature are formed. It is worth remembering that the first signal of a fungal infection of the skin of the hands is an itch.
Elimination of fungus on the hands
Appeal to a specialist necessarily.In the early development of the fungus, you can use sprays and lotions. If the nail has serious lesions, it will have to be removed.
Typically, treatment is suitable local effects in the form of ointments. But if necessary, mycologist can prescribe drugs inside. High-speed drugs include Candide, Lamisil, Fluconazole, Exoderil, Nizoral, Mikomax, Ketoconazole. All of these tools have serious contraindications that are important to consider.
Additionally, you can resort to popular methods. So, the fungus on the skin of the body and on the hands can be treated with sea salt. For this, baths are made every day for 20 minutes. Another option - compresses with Novocain. To do this, a cotton pad is soaked with medicine and fixed on the arm until the morning. Compresses can be made from strong green or black tea.
Symptoms of mycosis of the feet
Most often, people have a fungus on the skin of the legs. It usually occurs between the fingers, on the feet and on the nail plates. As in other cases, various types of fungal infections can cause it. As a rule, the disease begins with itching on the feet or in the folds between the little finger and the fourth finger. If you do not start treatment in time, the infection will touch the nails.Further, the disease develops depending on the type of fungus. The skin near the toes and on the foot may flake off, thicken and crack. This process is accompanied by unpleasant painful sensations. The nails gradually become infected, they begin to crumble, their color and structure change. Also, the fungus of the skin of the foot may be accompanied by the appearance of blisters filled with fluid under the skin.
Treatment of foot mycosis with medicines
Seek medical attention is important at the first signs of mycosis. Each type of infection must be attacked with different drugs. Like a fungus on the skin of the body, this type of disease is treated for at least two weeks. After examining tissue samples, the doctor prescribes antifungal drugs that can be applied at home. These can be such effective agents as Lamisil, Tinakitin, Clotrimazole, Miconazole. When using these drugs, it is important to monitor whether there are improvements. If within a few weeks the effect remains unnoticed, it is worth contacting a specialist.
It is important to note that if the fungus on the skin of the legs had time to develop into a more complex form, ordinary ointments will not be enough,even if the appearance of the legs has improved significantly, as the infection may remain inside.
What to do at home
In addition to medicines at home you can do foot baths. To do this, apple cider vinegar is added to the water. You can also use the essential oil of tea tree, treating them affected areas. Well, if there is an opportunity to lubricate problem areas tincture of propolis. It does not allow the infection to spread through the body. In addition, in order not to accidentally bring infection to other skin areas, you need to wear clean socks, and only then underwear and clothing.
A sick person should have personal towels, scissors, slippers. After the fungus is defeated, it is important to sanitize all of your shoes so as not to get infected again.