State Drama Theater, Tula: history, repertoire, composition of the troupe
Tula Drama Theater is the oldest cultural institution in the region. This is the most famous and respected theater in the city, which annually prepares a large number of new and bright premieres. We will tell about his story, troupe and performances that are on stage this season in our article.
The Tula Drama Theater dates back to 1777, when the city turned into an independent provincial from a provincial near Moscow. Already on December 19, the first performance was given. On the stage, the comedy was Verevkin "It should be."
In those years, works of Knyazhnin, Sumarokov, Moliere and Beaumarchais were put up in the Tula Drama Theater. Ticket prices were very affordable, even for poor citizens, along with acting skills and an exciting repertoire, all of which made it a real cultural center for the entire province.
In 1787, Empress Catherine II came to the theater, who was pleased with what she saw. She even ordered the actors to be sent to Petersburg to be improved by the treasury.Among them is Trofim Konstantinov, who in the future began to play on the Imperial stage.
Eminent artists often came to the theater on tour: Yermolova, Nikulina-Kositskaya, Stanislavsky's troupe. And in 1890, the first public performance called “The Fruits of Enlightenment” based on the works of Leo Tolstoy took place, which itself took part in rehearsals.
The theater had its own building only in 1912, now it houses a philharmonic. For many years it has become a favorite place of all Tula, the center of local cultural life.
It was here that famous performances that glorified the theater originated. These are the already mentioned "Anna Karenina", "Vassa Zheleznova" by Maxim Gorky, "A Month in the Village" by Ivan Turgenev, "Mary Stuart" by Friedrich Schiller, "Raised Virgin Land" by Mikhail Sholokhov, "The Taming of the Shrew" by William Shakespeare.
In the 20th century, the Tula Drama Theater experienced difficult times. Especially serious fell in 1938, when at once a whole group of key actors were accused of participating in a spy organization. They were arrested, four were sentenced to death. Among them was Anna Tomashevskaya, Prima of the Theater, who played the main role in these performances.
During the war against the fascists, the theater did not stop its work, even though the fighting was conducted at that time in close proximity. Only when the city was in a state of siege, the actors did not perform, and the rest of the time they gave two performances a day, going to the front and to military units.
Moving to a new building
In 1970, the theater, to which this article is devoted, moved to a new building, which is still located in it.
A great role in its modern history was played by Honored Art Worker Rafail Rakhlin. He staged the first premiere in a new theater building - this was the production of Stein’s work entitled “Have a Time in Captivity”. He gathered an amazing acting troupe, distinguished by bright personalities. He had a special method of work: the director put actor's talent at the forefront, due to this, revealing new talented names to the city.
An important event in modern history was the premiere of the play entitled "Nikita Passion", staged after the play "The Power of Darkness" by Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy. This became a real event in the theater life of the whole country.
In those years, Alexander Iosifovich Popov led the Tula Theater. In 2011, Alexander Dubrovin was appointed the main artist, who had collaborated with the theater for the past three years.
Touring activities play a special role in the life of the drama theater. The troupe toured almost all the countries of the former Soviet Union, taking special love in the Baltic States. The theater was awarded the title of academic.
Developing the traditions of the classical Russian theater, the main directors constantly professed the ideas of truthful and vital art, in the center of which they placed the human soul. Director Popov constantly tried to understand the human soul and the surrounding reality, which forms it, gives impetus to development.
Interestingly, from 1995 to 2007. on the basis of the Tula Theater there was a branch of the theatrical institute from Yaroslavl, which donated many bright graduates who then played for many years on the Tula scene.
The repertoire almost always organically combined modern and classical productions. The theater traditionally opens the season with the works of the classics of world drama, and then gives the audience the opportunity to get acquainted with contemporary plays that may not be so perfect, but even more relevant and sharper.
The director of the theater is now Sergey Borisov, and the artistic director is Dmitry Krasnov.
It is important that many famous productions began their stage biography on this stage. For example, it was here that the play “Give to good old good dogs” of Protalin and the tragedy “Between the cup and lips” of Kuternitsky, “Last Night of Casanova” Korkia, “Funny Love” Dotsenko was first shown.
In recent years, the repertoire of the Tula Drama Theater has many modern authors. Among them are works by Slapovsky, Gorin, Petrushevskaya, Merezhko, Gradilina.
At the ticket office of the Tula Drama Theater you can always buy tickets for new productions. They are located in the building of the theater itself at 34a Lenin Avenue.
Tickets to the Tula Drama Theater cost from 500 to 1,500 rubles. For a provincial city, the cost may be a bit high, but the theater troupe invariably gathers full halls, deserving audience love.
On March 7, in the Tula Drama Theater, an annual performance is held annually on the eve of International Women's Day.
On special roles, the leading actors of the theater are the honored artists of Russia Viktor Ananin, Gennady Vershinin,Valery Zhukov, Natalya Druzhinina, Olga Krasikova, Igor Nebolsin, Lyubov Spirikhina, Irina Fedotova, People’s Artist of Russia Boris Zavolokin, Honored Artist of the Republic of Belarus, Viktor Chepelev.