The armed forces of the Warsaw Pact. Volksarmie.

Hello dear.
Yesterday we had an introduction on a new topic, but today we start with concrete examples.
And let's talk the way and not very numerous, but one of the most combat-ready armies of the whole world in those years - about the GDR Volksarmei, it’s also the National People’s Army (NNA) of the German Democratic Republic
Created Volksarmee was 1956 with 0, and literally in 10-15 years has become a very formidable force.
It consisted of ground forces, air forces and air defense forces, the navy and border troops.
The armed forces of the Warsaw Pact. Volksarmie. battalion, Bataillon, combat, consisted, regiment, support, material, troops, Sicherstellung, Volksarmei, materieller, defense, Army, mobilization, composition, very, one, differences, Each, divisions

The issues of national defense were decided by the National Defense Council, subordinate to the People’s Chamber and the State Council of the GDR.
The armed forces were led by the Minister of National Defense.
The armed forces of the Warsaw Pact. Volksarmie. battalion, Bataillon, combat, consisted, regiment, support, material, troops, Sicherstellung, Volksarmei, materieller, defense, Army, mobilization, composition, very, one, differences, Each, divisions

Army General Heinz Hoffman in 1960-1985 the Minister of National Defense of the GDR
There was the main headquarters of the NNA and the headquarters of the armed forces. The supreme body is the Main Political Directorate of the National Independent Agency.When creating the NNA, the experience of building the Armed Forces of the USSR and other socialist countries was used.
NNA is completed in accordance with the Law on the Introduction of Universal Military Duty (January 24, 1962) and on the principle of voluntariness. Conscription age - 18 years service duration -18 months
The armed forces of the Warsaw Pact. Volksarmie. battalion, Bataillon, combat, consisted, regiment, support, material, troops, Sicherstellung, Volksarmei, materieller, defense, Army, mobilization, composition, very, one, differences, Each, divisions

The training of officers is carried out in higher officers' schools and in the Military. Academy. F. Engels.
As I said above, the army of the GDR was not the most numerous. As of 1987, the NNA GDR Ground Forces numbered 120,000 troops.
The armed forces of the Warsaw Pact. Volksarmie. battalion, Bataillon, combat, consisted, regiment, support, material, troops, Sicherstellung, Volksarmei, materieller, defense, Army, mobilization, composition, very, one, differences, Each, divisions

The size of the Air Force is about 58,000 people.
The armed forces of the Warsaw Pact. Volksarmie.battalion, Bataillon, combat, consisted, regiment, support, material, troops, Sicherstellung, Volksarmei, materieller, defense, Army, mobilization, composition, very, one, differences, Each, divisions

The number of personnel of the Navy - about 18 thousand people.
The armed forces of the Warsaw Pact. Volksarmie. battalion, Bataillon, combat, consisted, regiment, support, material, troops, Sicherstellung, Volksarmei, materieller, defense, Army, mobilization, composition, very, one, differences, Each, divisions

The border guard of the GDR was very numerous - up to 47,000 people.
The armed forces of the Warsaw Pact. Volksarmie. battalion, Bataillon, combat, consisted, regiment, support, material, troops, Sicherstellung, Volksarmei, materieller, defense, Army, mobilization, composition, very, one, differences, Each, divisions

The territory of East Germany was divided into two military districts - MB-III (Southern, headquarters in Leipzig) and MB-V (Northern, headquarters in Neubrandenburg) and one artillery brigade that did not belong to any of the military districts of which two motorized rifle divisions (motorisierte Schützendivision, MSD), one armored division (Panzerdivision, PD) and one rocket brigade (Raketenbrigade, RBr) were included.
The armed forces of the Warsaw Pact. Volksarmie. battalion, Bataillon, combat, consisted, regiment, support, material, troops, Sicherstellung, Volksarmei, materieller, defense, Army, mobilization, composition, very, one, differences, Each, divisions

Each armored division consisted of 3 armored regiments (Panzerregiment), one artillery regiment (Artillerieregiment),1 motorized rifle regiment (Mot.-Schützenregiment), 1 anti-aircraft missile regiment (Fla-Raketen-Regiment), 1 engineering battalion (Pionierbataillon), 1 material support battalion (Bataillon materieller Sicherstellung), 1 chemical protection battalion (Bataillon chemischer Abwewe)) 1 sanitary battalion (Sanitätsbataillon), 1 reconnaissance battalion (Aufklärungsbataillon), 1 missile department (Raketenabteilung).
The main tank of the army of the GDR was the T-55, accounting for about 80% of the park. The remaining 20% ​​came from the T-72b and T-72G vehicles, mainly from Poland or Czechoslovakia. The share of new tanks has steadily increased.
The armed forces of the Warsaw Pact. Volksarmie. battalion, Bataillon, combat, consisted, regiment, support, material, troops, Sicherstellung, Volksarmei, materieller, defense, Army, mobilization, composition, very, one, differences, Each, divisions

Each motorized division consisted of three motorized regiments (Mot.-Schützenregiment), 1 armored shelf (Panzerregiment), 1 artillery regiment (Artillerieregiment), 1 anti-missile regiment (Fla-Raketenregiment), one missile card (Raketenabteilung), 1 engineering battalion (Pionierbataillon), 1 battalion of material support (Bataillon materieller Sicherstellung), 1 sanitary battalion (Sanitätsbataillon), 1 chemical protection battalion (Bataillon chemischer Abwehr), 1 battalion of material support (Bataillon materieller Sicherstellung).
The armed forces of the Warsaw Pact. Volksarmie.battalion, Bataillon, combat, consisted, regiment, support, material, troops, Sicherstellung, Volksarmei, materieller, defense, Army, mobilization, composition, very, one, differences, Each, divisions

Each rocket brigade consisted of 2-3 missile units (Raketenabteilung), 1 engineering company (Pionierkompanie), 1 supply company (Kompanie materieller Sicherstellung), 1 meteorological battery (meteorologische Batterie), 1 repair company (Instandsetzungskompanie).
The armed forces of the Warsaw Pact. Volksarmie. battalion, Bataillon, combat, consisted, regiment, support, material, troops, Sicherstellung, Volksarmei, materieller, defense, Army, mobilization, composition, very, one, differences, Each, divisions

The artillery brigade consisted of 4 divisions (Abteilung), 1 repair company (Instandsetzungskompie), 1 supply company (Kompanie materieller Sicherstellung).
The armed forces of the Warsaw Pact. Volksarmie. battalion, Bataillon, combat, consisted, regiment, support, material, troops, Sicherstellung, Volksarmei, materieller, defense, Army, mobilization, composition, very, one, differences, Each, divisions

The Air Force (Luftstreitkräfte) consisted of 2 divisions (Luftverteidigungsdivision), each of which consisted of 2-4 attack squadrons (Jagdfliegergeschwader), 1 anti-aircraft missile brigade (Fla-Raketenbrigade), and 2 anti-aircraft squadrons (Fla-Raketenbrigade), 2 anti-aircraft squadrons, 2 anti-aircraft squadrons (Fla-Raketenbrigade), 2 anti-aircraft squadrons, 2 anti-aircraft squadrons, 2 anti-aircraft squadrons (Jagdfliegergeschwader). , 3-4 radio engineering battalions (Funktechnisches Bataillon). There were modern aircraft such as the MiG-29.
The armed forces of the Warsaw Pact. Volksarmie. battalion, Bataillon, combat, consisted, regiment, support, material, troops, Sicherstellung, Volksarmei, materieller, defense, Army, mobilization, composition, very, one, differences, Each, divisions

The Air Force also included one of the most legendary and effective subdivisions of the Volksarmei - the 40th airborne assault battalion of the NNA "Willi Sanger" (40). "Willi Sanger Fallschirmjager Bataillon). The fighters of this unit took part in almost all foreign conflicts involving the Soviet military bloc - in particular, in Syria and Ethiopia. There is also a legend that the special forces of the airborne assault units of the Independent Independent Unity Organization, as part of a limited contingent of Soviet troops, participated in combat operations in Afghanistan.
The armed forces of the Warsaw Pact. Volksarmie. battalion, Bataillon, combat, consisted, regiment, support, material, troops, Sicherstellung, Volksarmei, materieller, defense, Army, mobilization, composition, very, one, differences, Each, divisions

The navy (Volksmarine) was very good, and most importantly modern. It consisted of 110 warships of various classes and 69 auxiliary vessels.
The armed forces of the Warsaw Pact. Volksarmie.battalion, Bataillon, combat, consisted, regiment, support, material, troops, Sicherstellung, Volksarmei, materieller, defense, Army, mobilization, composition, very, one, differences, Each, divisions

The naval aviation consisted of 24 helicopters (16 of the Mi-8 type and 8 of the Mi-14 type), as well as 20 Su-17 fighter-bombers. The basis of the fleet is three patrol ships (TFR) of the type “Rostock” (PR.1159) and 16 small anti-submarine ships (IPC) of the type “Parchim” pr.133.1
The armed forces of the Warsaw Pact. Volksarmie. battalion, Bataillon, combat, consisted, regiment, support, material, troops, Sicherstellung, Volksarmei, materieller, defense, Army, mobilization, composition, very, one, differences, Each, divisions

In total there were 6 divisions in Volksarm (11 with mobilization)
1719 tanks (2798 during mobilization, in peacetime on conservation)
2792 infantry fighting vehicles (4999 during mobilization, in peacetime for conservation)
887 guns over 100mm
(1746 at mobilization, in peacetime on conservation)
394 combat aircraft
The armed forces of the Warsaw Pact. Volksarmie. battalion, Bataillon, combat, consisted, regiment, support, material, troops, Sicherstellung, Volksarmei, materieller, defense, Army, mobilization, composition, very, one, differences, Each, divisions

64 attack helicopters
The armed forces of the Warsaw Pact. Volksarmie. battalion, Bataillon, combat, consisted, regiment, support, material, troops, Sicherstellung, Volksarmei, materieller, defense, Army, mobilization, composition, very, one, differences, Each, divisions

According to the Warsaw Pact, in the event of hostilities, the following NNA divisions were attached to the armies of the Western Group of Forces:
19 Motorized Rifle Division NNA - Second Guards Tank Army.
17 Motorized riflemen NNA- 8th Guards Army.
6 Motorized Rifle National Independent Unity (NSA) —western Front Reserve.
The armed forces of the Warsaw Pact. Volksarmie. battalion, Bataillon, combat, consisted, regiment, support, material, troops, Sicherstellung, Volksarmei, materieller, defense, Army, mobilization, composition, very, one, differences, Each, divisions

It is funny that despite the military doctrine, which was formulated as “the rejection of all the traditions of the Prussian-German military,” there were many borrowings in the insignia, ranks and form from the 2nd and 3rd Reich. Let's just say-a combination of insignia of the Wehrmacht and the Soviet Army. So gefrayter insignia shifted from sleeves to epaulets and looked like sergeant patches of the Soviet Army. The signs of the differences of the non-commissioned officers remained completely Wehrmachtov. Officer and general epaulets remained the same as in the Wehrmacht, but the number of stars on them began to correspond to the Soviet system.
The armed forces of the Warsaw Pact. Volksarmie.battalion, Bataillon, combat, consisted, regiment, support, material, troops, Sicherstellung, Volksarmei, materieller, defense, Army, mobilization, composition, very, one, differences, Each, divisions

The highest title Volksarmi was called Marshal of the GDR, but in fact no one was awarded this title.
Were in shape and their differences. For example, the helmet of Thale-Harz, which was developed for the Wehrmacht, but did not have time to take it. Or the GDR-ovsky version of the AK-47 called MPi-K (we remembered about it here: http: //id77.livejournal.com/1280904.html)
The armed forces of the Warsaw Pact. Volksarmie. battalion, Bataillon, combat, consisted, regiment, support, material, troops, Sicherstellung, Volksarmei, materieller, defense, Army, mobilization, composition, very, one, differences, Each, divisions

I repeat, a very serious army was.
Finally - a few photos.
The armed forces of the Warsaw Pact. Volksarmie. battalion, Bataillon, combat, consisted, regiment, support, material, troops, Sicherstellung, Volksarmei, materieller, defense, Army, mobilization, composition, very, one, differences, Each, divisions

The armed forces of the Warsaw Pact. Volksarmie. battalion, Bataillon, combat, consisted, regiment, support, material, troops, Sicherstellung, Volksarmei, materieller, defense, Army, mobilization, composition, very, one, differences, Each, divisions

The armed forces of the Warsaw Pact. Volksarmie. battalion, Bataillon, combat, consisted, regiment, support, material, troops, Sicherstellung, Volksarmei, materieller, defense, Army, mobilization, composition, very, one, differences, Each, divisions

The armed forces of the Warsaw Pact. Volksarmie.battalion, Bataillon, combat, consisted, regiment, support, material, troops, Sicherstellung, Volksarmei, materieller, defense, Army, mobilization, composition, very, one, differences, Each, divisions

The armed forces of the Warsaw Pact. Volksarmie. battalion, Bataillon, combat, consisted, regiment, support, material, troops, Sicherstellung, Volksarmei, materieller, defense, Army, mobilization, composition, very, one, differences, Each, divisions

The armed forces of the Warsaw Pact. Volksarmie. battalion, Bataillon, combat, consisted, regiment, support, material, troops, Sicherstellung, Volksarmei, materieller, defense, Army, mobilization, composition, very, one, differences, Each, divisions

The armed forces of the Warsaw Pact. Volksarmie. battalion, Bataillon, combat, consisted, regiment, support, material, troops, Sicherstellung, Volksarmei, materieller, defense, Army, mobilization, composition, very, one, differences, Each, divisions

The armed forces of the Warsaw Pact. Volksarmie. battalion, Bataillon, combat, consisted, regiment, support, material, troops, Sicherstellung, Volksarmei, materieller, defense, Army, mobilization, composition, very, one, differences, Each, divisions

The armed forces of the Warsaw Pact. Volksarmie.battalion, Bataillon, combat, consisted, regiment, support, material, troops, Sicherstellung, Volksarmei, materieller, defense, Army, mobilization, composition, very, one, differences, Each, divisions

The armed forces of the Warsaw Pact. Volksarmie. battalion, Bataillon, combat, consisted, regiment, support, material, troops, Sicherstellung, Volksarmei, materieller, defense, Army, mobilization, composition, very, one, differences, Each, divisions

The armed forces of the Warsaw Pact. Volksarmie. battalion, Bataillon, combat, consisted, regiment, support, material, troops, Sicherstellung, Volksarmei, materieller, defense, Army, mobilization, composition, very, one, differences, Each, divisions

The armed forces of the Warsaw Pact. Volksarmie. battalion, Bataillon, combat, consisted, regiment, support, material, troops, Sicherstellung, Volksarmei, materieller, defense, Army, mobilization, composition, very, one, differences, Each, divisions

The armed forces of the Warsaw Pact. Volksarmie. battalion, Bataillon, combat, consisted, regiment, support, material, troops, Sicherstellung, Volksarmei, materieller, defense, Army, mobilization, composition, very, one, differences, Each, divisions

The armed forces of the Warsaw Pact. Volksarmie.battalion, Bataillon, combat, consisted, regiment, support, material, troops, Sicherstellung, Volksarmei, materieller, defense, Army, mobilization, composition, very, one, differences, Each, divisions

To be continued...
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