The drug "Platyphylline". Instruction, indications, contraindications
The drug "Platyphylline" refers to the group of m-holinoblokatorov. The drug is given in tablet form, as a solution for injections, drops, suppositories.
The drug "Platifillin"peptic ulcer disease of the duodenum and stomach, intestinal, biliary and renal colic, cholelithiasis, cholecystitis, pilorospasm. The indications include bronchorrhoea, arterial hypertension, angiotrophoneurosis, spasm of cerebral arteries. The "Platifylline" medication is recommended for bronchial asthma for the prevention of laryngo- and bronchospasm. In combination with other drugs, the drug is used for angina pectoris. The drug "Platifillin" is shown for the dilatation of the pupil during diagnostic activities in ophthalmology, with acute inflammatory diseases of the eyes, traumas.
Enhanced spasmolytic effect possesspreparations "Platifillin" with "Papaverin" if they are applied in a complex. As a result of such exposure, blood pressure decreases, the tone of the vessels decreases, the smooth muscles of the internal organs relax (the urogenital, digestive and respiratory system).
The tool "Platifillin" does not recommend the instructionwith acute bleeding, mitral stenosis, IHD, heart failure (chronic), tachycardia, atrial fibrillation, arterial hypertension and other pathologies of the cardiovascular system, against which strengthening the frequency of cardiac contraction may be an undesirable consequence. Contraindications include thyrotoxicosis, digestive system diseases complicated by obstruction (stenosis of the gatekeeper and achalasia), reflux esophagitis and hernia of the esophagus, combined with it, elevated temperature. The drug "Platifillin" does not recommend the instruction for hypersensitivity, pathologies complicated by high intraocular pressure, intestinal atony in weakened or elderly patients, open-angle glaucoma. The medicine is not prescribed to patients after forty years (long), with ulcerative colitis, liver failure, myasthenia gravis. The drug is not recommended for dry mouth, chronic pulmonary pathologies (especially in weakened patients and young children), autonomic neuropathy. Contraindications include prostatic hypertrophy without obstructive lesions of the urinary tract, presence of a delay in urination and predisposition to it, brain trauma and central paralysis in children, gestosis, Down's disease.
Platifylline is not recommended forpregnancy. In the first trimester, the use is prohibited. In subsequent periods - only on the recommendation and under the supervision of a doctor. If a medication is prescribed to a nursing woman, she should be warned about the need to stop lactation.
Among the side effects of medication specialistscalled convulsions, photophobia, headache, dizziness, intestinal atony, mydriasis. The use of the drug "Platyphylline" can provoke lowering blood pressure, thirst, acute psychosis, urinary retention, lung atelectasis.
Introduction for the removal of pain spasticcharacter, persistent asthma attack, peripheral and cerebral angiospasm is carried out in a dosage of 1-2 milliliters (2% solution). Injections are made once or twice a day. For infants, newborns, the dosage is 0.035 mg / kg, from 0 to 1 year to 0.03 mg / kg, from 0 to 10 years - 0.025 mg / kg, from eleven to fourteen years - 0.02 mg per kilogram of body weight.
Inside appoint ten to fifteen dropssolution of 0.5%. The frequency of application is up to three times a day. Suppositories recommend the use of the drug "Platifillin" in a dose of 0.01 grams twice a day.
Therapeutic course - from ten to twenty days.