The poem "Shadows of Gray Mixed" by F. I. Tyutchev: analysis and content
F. I. Tyutchev - one of the greatest of our philosophical lyricists. His poetry, like wondrous music, excites and fills the soul with love for the world. Our theme will be a work that was originally called Twilight. Now its name sounds like this: “The shades of gray mixed up ...” It excitement to tears L. Tolstoy, and the writer called him “a true work of art.”
The image of the night in the works of the poet
Fyodor Ivanovich's lyrical miniatures penetrate the hidden corners of the heart and soul. His poetic works direct the mind to a deep perception of everything that happens and allow you to comprehend your inner state. According to Tyutchev, the world is an ancient virgin chaos, uncontrollable element.Everything that we see around is only its shaky spawn. Because the poet often turns his eyes to the darkness of the night. Only at night the “thinking reed” remains alone with itself and appears before the eternal world.In the darkness of the night, he feels particularly small and helpless and acutely relives his existence as a tragedy.
Tyutchev is also attracted to states that are on the verge of going from day to night darkness. One of the examples is the poem “Shadows of gray mixed together ...”. Twilight is glorified in it. Evening came, freed from the daily petty cares, and in the gloom of peace there comes a moment when a person merges with the soul with nature and joins eternity. Here it is, this moment: "the shadows of gray mixed up ..." and "everything is in me, and I am in everything."
The history of the poem
The work was written in 1835. At this time, F. I. Tyutchev experienced love drama. He had been happily married for nine years to the infinitely charming Eleanor Peterson, and had three daughters from her. My wife adored Fedor Ivanovich.On his modest salary, she in Munich managed to decently lead the house, which was cozy and hospitable.
But in 1833 at the ball Fyodor Ivanovich met a beauty who conquered him with the brilliance of his mind. At first, he experienced her as a spiritually close person. But their relationship deepened. The lovely and simple wife, having learned about her husband's connection, tried, as she could, to save the family.
Blesche one terrible moment in 1835. The poet himself was in St. Petersburg, and the family went by sea to his new duty station. The ship was wrecked. Eleanor behaved extremely courageously, and everyone was saved. But this drama affected Eleanor’s fragile health. She came down and did not get out of bed. In a situation of painful duality, pity and sympathy for his wife and an inexorable burden to the other woman, the poet was born the lines “the shades of gray mixed together ...”.
It can be assumed that when the children were taken to sleep, and their cheerful voices subsided in the house and the wife left him alone, then, without lighting candles, Fyodor Ivanovich sat in the gathering twilight and thought. Inexpressible longing tormented him, and he asked that twilight flow into the depths of his soul and finally give her peace.
The evening life, which unites Man and the Universe, became the main theme of the work “Shadows of gray mixed ...”. The lyrical hero is immersed in unbearable thoughts, pouring out into agonizing melancholy. Depression of the lyrical hero removes a little observation of the calm that surrounds him: the sounds have fallen asleep, the daytime colors do not hurt the eyes, the flight of a moth is heard.He is looking for a way out of loneliness, trying to unite with the outside world, and completes his observations with the statement that everything has dissolved in him: as if the long-awaited harmony has been achieved. Dusk, "sleepy" and "quiet", is mysteriously endowed with healing power. He can calm the suffering and overwhelm the senses with darkness, oblivion of himself.
In the work “Shadows of Gray mixed in ...”, the analysis of which we have already begun, is contrasted by images of the material and spiritual worlds.The material is revealed in a color that has faded or drowned at dusk, in sound - it has fallen asleep, that is, almost calmed down, life and movement receded into the background, and only distant hum is heard, and an invisible flight of a moth echoes in the soul.
The spiritual manifests itself differently. The immortal soul opens through feelings that the lyrical hero asks to fill with selflessness in a dormant world, which grants delightful peace.
These two opposing principles are united by the image of the twilight. Inverting epithets, the poet shows the significance of his twilight. He, quiet, sleepy, and also fragrant, like sweet incense, giving pleasure, carries stillness.
His inner world is complex, which should not be fully correlated with the personality of the poet.It reflects not only the personal features of the author, but his contemporaries, people of his class, who are able to understand the poet’s unique worldview. Transitional states of nature worry the poet: how winter becomes in spring, summer - in autumn, evening - at night. This dynamic, which is observed by a lyrical hero in his emotional experiences, is reflected in the work “Shadows of Gray blended ...”. Tyutchev shows this time as an hour of unspeakable longing and the desire of his hero to understand nature, to dissolve in it. But he has tragic loneliness. He, having a delicate understanding of the world of nature and love, wants to deeply comprehend his fate in this world. But he was not given to leave. This is a deep contradiction between the personal, the individual, and the realities of life.
Rhythm and size
The work "Shadows of gray mixed together ..." Tyutchev wrote a trochee with a cross rhyme. It consists of sixteen stanzas, divided in meaning into two parts.
If in the poem “Shadows of gray mixed” to analyze the composition of stanzas, then we can conclude that it is divided in half - the first eight stanzas are devoted to the picture of nightlife.The epithet gray is important for the poet.He, like an artist on a palette, mixes paints: black, white, blue, gray - and gets a shaky bluish face of the transition from day to night. At this time, the sound fell asleep and the movement of life is given somewhere far away by a roar. The painful calm suddenly ends with an emotional outburst, which is underlined by an exclamation mark. The whole world unexpectedly fit into the soul, and the lyrical hero dissolved into it.
In the second eighteen, he makes a passionate prayer to the dusk: to give him "selfless forgetting" and destruction, which conveys the strongest desire of the lyrical hero to find harmony, to merge with nature, to escape from himself. This fiery thirst is indicated by an exclamation mark and carefully selected verbs.
In the conclusion of the analysis of the poem "Shadows of Gray mixed ..." we consider the epithets. In the first part, they create an image of real twilight at the end of the day: gray shades, unsteady dusk, distant hum, invisible flight of a moth, inexpressible longing. Their inversion reinforces the impression that night is coming. In addition, the impersonation of "sound asleep" and the phrase "faded color" show the onset of night silence.Alliterations with a whistling, repeatedly repeating “c” create the feeling that in a whisper they share a secret with a reader.
The second part, an appeal to dusk, is filled with verbs in the imperative mood, which demonstrate what the soul is striving for - peace and selflessness.
In conclusion, it should be said that Tyutchev's poem “Shadows of gray mixed together ...” is one of the samples of the philosophical and romantic lyrics of the poet. In it, the spiritual mood of the lyrical hero is guessed by comparison with the phenomena of nature. This gives the poem a symbolic meaning.