The poet of fat thighs in the country of ascending drug traffic ...


Especially hypertrophied three-dimensional forms are manifested by the master in naked female images, these massive figures with exaggeratedly powerful legs and hips evoke the strongest emotions in the viewer: from dislike to admiration.

Fernando Botero Angulo (Spanish Fernando Botero Angulo; born April 19, 1932) is a Colombian master of painting in the grotesque direction, a sculptor who calls himself the “Most Colombian Colombian Artists”. Kitsch, grotesque, naive primitivism, folklore, Italian Renaissance and colonial baroque harmoniously coexist on his picturesque canvases.

The “trick” of the master is to depict fat people, he has all the fat — people, furniture, animals, and even apples. The master became famous after winning the first prize at the Exhibition of Colombian artists in 1959.

F. Botero was born on April 19, 1932 in the family of a merchant, in the city of Medellin (Spanish: Medellín; Colombia).When the boy was 4 years old, his father died, and the family lost his fortune. In childhood, the future painter was not available works of traditional art, exhibited in museums and galleries, he became acquainted with the works of world art on reproductions from books. The boy studied at the Jesuit school and dreamed of becoming a bullfighter; in 1944 he even attended the school of matadors for several months.
At the age of 15, unexpectedly for his relatives, he decided to become an artist, which did not fit into the life style of his conservative family, where art was not considered a profession, but only a hobby. In 1948, as a 16-year-old, he first published his illustrations in the local newspaper El Colombiano, and spent the money he received to pay for his studies at the Marinia de Antioquia (Spanish El Liceo Mariniua de Antioquia).

Then, dreaming of expanding his horizons, for the first time he left the country - he traveled around Spain (1952). In Madrid, an aspiring artist enrolled at San Fernando Art School.
In the period from 1953 to 1954. Fernando studied at the Academy of San Marco (Italian. Accademia San Marco; Florence), where he studied the technique of frescoes and became acquainted with the Italian art of the Renaissance. At that time he did not have enough money, but the fire in the shower was abundant."I spent the last money on museums and art albums, forgetting about food, the rapture by the great Italian masters changed my life overnight."

On his first canvases significant "Still Life with a Mandolin" was influenced by works of such masters as Paul Gauguin, Diego Rivera,
Jose Clemente Orozco and others. Upon returning home, a personal exhibition was held in the Leo Mathis Gallery (Spanish: Leo Matiz gallery; Bogota), paintings by Botero were so diverse that visitors found it to be works by several painters.

The artist developed his characteristic style in the second half of the 1950s. Until 1955, he had not yet discovered the “fat girls”, who subsequently brought worldwide fame to the author. “Puzans”, which became the “highlight” of the painter, appeared due to the occasion when once in his work “Still Life with a Mandolin” the instrument was depicted exaggeratedly large. From that moment on, F. Botero found his topic. He does not hide his addiction to overweight forms, obesity has become for him a measure of beauty, his creative credo.

“With volumetric forms, I'm trying to influence… the sensuality of people.” Incredibly, cumbersome images are not without peculiar refinement, they seem to hover in space. “Emphasized enlarged bellies - this is my style! - recognized by the author.“The stomachs best convey the charge of sexuality that I want to put in my creations.”
Especially hypertrophied three-dimensional forms are manifested by the master in naked female images, these massive figures with exaggeratedly powerful legs and hips evoke the strongest emotions in the viewer: from dislike to admiration.

Career painter rapidly went up the hill since 1958, when he received the main prize with the work "By the Sea" at the "Salon nacional de artistas" in Bogota.
In 1964, Botero married Gloria Cea (Spanish Gloria Zea), the former minister of culture of Colombia, who bore him three children one by one. The family moved to Mexico, where they experienced great financial difficulties.

After the divorce, he moved to New York, often visited Paris. He worked a lot, setting himself the goal of being accepted into the Marlborough Gallery (the Marlborough Gallery), which allows young artists to demonstrate their talent and become famous, which happened in 1970. Soon FB returned to Europe with a triumph, and in 1983 he moved to the quiet Italian town of Pietrasanta (north-west of the Tuscany region).

At the turn of the XX - XXI centuries, becoming the most famous of the Latin American painters of his generation. Since 1973He was actively engaged in sculpture, embodying in it the same exaggeratedly lush, comically swollen images of people and animals. Ideal materials for heavy Botero figures are bronze and marble. These peculiar sculptures adorn many cities of the world (Bogota, Medellin, Lisbon, Paris, etc.) In Washington and New York several personal exhibitions passed with unprecedented success. The first canvas of the Colombian, which acquired the Museum of Modern Art in New York, was the painting "Mona Lisa at 12 years old."

The works of a Colombian artist - paintings, sculpture and graphics - are easily recognizable, after seeing the works at least once, they can not be forgotten.
Artworks and sculptures of Botero are listed in the world very high, they are recognized as one of the most expensive in the world and are sold for huge money.

For example, the work "Breakfast on the Grass" (1969) is an arrangement of the famous canvas of the same name by Edward Manet - the founder of impressionism. Only there are men dressed and in the company of naked ladies, while Botero has a naked man lying on the grass near a full dressed woman.

At Sotheby’s, the canvas was bought for $ 1 million.Taking advantage of the demand, the author produces a huge number of paintings, referring to similar topics, which is why his work does not trace “the growth of craftsmanship”: paintings painted with a difference of 10-12 years, look like they were created in one year.
Today the master’s creative heritage is incredibly large - almost 3 thousand paintings, more than 200 sculptures, as well as countless watercolors and ink drawings. In Russia there is a work by the artist “Still Life with a Watermelon” (1976-1977), donated by the author to the St. Petersburg Museum “Hermitage”.
The painting "The Death of Pablo Escobar"

In general, the generosity of the Colombian has become legendary. For example, the author donated a collection of 19th-20th century paintings to the Museum of Fine Arts of Bogota, which is estimated at $ 60 million, and the artist donated his works to Medellin’s hometown: 18 sculptures and almost 100 paintings. In total, his gift to Colombian museums exceeded $ 100 million.

Perhaps it was the spiritual generosity that determined the master's creative manner, his special vision of art, where the world appears in blooming pomp, in an excess of strength and enthusiasm. In Colombia, his paintings, made in a unique style and talking about the originality of the author’s thinking, are called “Boteros”.

Although the painter most often refers to a genre portrait, in his work he also touches on the topic of military conflicts, crime and violence in the world, and his soft humor is sometimes replaced by sharp satire: for example, the work “Dead Bishops” (1965, Munich) or "The official portrait of the military junta" (1971). The author in his work always reflects what is happening in the world. After the events in Iraq, for example, he created a series of paintings "Abu Ghraib", telling about the cruelty of the American soldiers, about the bullying of prisoners in the dungeons of an Iraqi prison.

The artist creates in many countries of the world: in his house in Paris, he paints pictures, in Tuscany he spends his summer with children and grandchildren, creating his huge sculptures along the way, on the Cote d'Azur (Monte Carlo) he makes small watercolor works and ink drawings, in New York - large paintings.

Perhaps Fernando Botero did not become world-famous if in 1992 Jacques Chirac (fr. Jacques Rene Chirac), then the mayor of Paris, had not invited an extraordinary painter to design an exclusive exhibition on the Champs Elysées - not a single foreign master brush and chisel.Since then, many cities in the world have been eagerly inviting him, so that the works of the famous creator of the Puzans give cultural events an uniqueness and unique charm.

The year 2015 was very busy: in February - an exhibition at home, in the Medellín Museum (Columbia), followed by a large retrospective of 90 paintings in the Hangaram Art Museum (Seoul). At the end of the year 2 books were published. The master also completed the creation of the BoteroSutra series, consisting of 90 erotic paintings, watercolors and sculptures.

Currently, the artist is working on sculptures in Tuscany, because there is a large foundry with a studio there. In other studios, which the author owns in Paris, New York and Monte Carlo, he paints in various techniques.

F. Botero uses almost all traditional means of painting: oil, pastel, watercolor. He even created several frescoes that adorn the walls of the chapel in Pietra Santa (Italy).

The main element in the studio for the painter is the light, which must necessarily flow from the north.

Inspiration comes to him while working. Having made a small sketch, he already sees the plot of the future picture and is completely immersed in the creation of the next masterpiece."I am encouraged by curiosity, what else can I tell you in a new picture," he said in an interview.

The Colombian artist created several parodies of famous canvases by famous European painters, in particular, Raphael, Van Gogh, Leonardo da Vinci, Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres, and others.

Most of the author's sculptures in height exceed 3 meters and weigh about a ton.

To this day, despite his considerable age, the master works daily, and only standing.

The most interesting thing is that, according to the artist, he himself is not attracted to bbw in life. “I loved the three women, and they were all thin,” he admitted in an interview with the newspaper El Mundo.

F. Botero is married for the third time. Sophia Vari (Sophia Vari), his current wife - a sculptor from Greece, weighs only 55 kg. From previous wives he has 4 children: three from his first marriage and a son from his second marriage, with Cecilia Zambrano (Spanish: Cecilia Zambrano).

The author claims that his characters are not fat at all, but “voluminous”. “No one believes, but it’s true: I don’t depict fat women. I just write in bulk, ”he says.

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