The Silver Age of Russian Culture: Parnassus of Deep Spirituality
Philosophy of the Russian soul
The silver age of Russian culture for some reason turned out to be surprisingly short, but it managed to leave the deepest mark on literature, art and philosophy. Its duration was less than a quarter of a century: from 1900 to 1922. Russian culture, in contrast to numerous European ones, is characterized by internal contradictions and heterogeneity. Practically at all stages of formation, it was characterized by a combination of striving for harmony and order with the mutually exclusive imposition of various meanings, tendencies and tendencies, which led to some of its randomness and a certain imbalance. Sometimes it seems that throughout the whole of Russian history, chaos with order, harmony with disintegration is not just coexist, developing in parallel ways, but intertwined into some kind of fancy and intricate tangle of internal contradictions. And this is the deep philosophy of the Russian soul.
At the narrow intersections of history
Such contradictory tendencies and throwings of the Russian soul manifest themselves especially vividly during periods of social and political turmoil and instability. So it was during the time of the Tatar-Mongol yoke, in the age of Peter the Great, in the midst of the Russian Enlightenment. The first half of the twentieth century in Russia, distinguished by exceptional explosiveness and a large number of social upheavals, is organically woven into this series. Each decade of this period was a hellish mix of harmony with chaos, the enthusiasm of rainbow illusions with hopeless despair, unprecedented enthusiasm with the determination of the doomed.
Spiritual foundations and values of Russian culture
Against such a spiritual background, the Silver Age of Russian culture simply could not arise. This short, but extremely eventful era gave rise to a whole galaxy of prominent writers, musicians, philosophers and artists. The silver age of Russian culture has absorbed, mainly, two fundamental spiritual directions: the religious and philosophical revival, better known under the definition of “God-seeking,” and Russian modernism, which embraced the currents of symbolism and acmeism.The peculiarity and social significance of this epoch lies in the fact that domestic cultural figures were the first to realize the destructiveness of development, which is based on lack of spirituality, irreligiousness, one-sided rationalism. The Silver Age of Russian culture offered society completely different value orientations, the spiritual conductor of which was the outstanding religious philosopher and poet V.S. Soloviev. The Western world came to understand such simple truths much later. He needed a good shake of the thirties and forties.
Prophetic horn Solovyov
Vyacheslav Ivanov, a Russian poet and philosopher, called V.S. Solovyov a prophet of the City of God, because he turned progressive philosophical and social thoughts to questions of faith. And Nikolai Berdyaev tirelessly emphasized the prophetic meaning of the works of Solovyov. This was repeated and the largest Russian writers, and artists of the early twentieth century. The spiritual life of the Silver Age originated and developed largely due to this Russian genius. It was at the turn of the century that the loud sound of V. S. Solovyov’s prophetic horn was heard mostly by cultural figures.Unfortunately, he died in 1900 and no longer found the era of the great Russian spiritual revival, the catalyst of which he, in fact, was.
In its own way
The Silver Age manifested itself most vividly and violently in Russian literature, which always had a high spiritual principle and served for centuries as a kind of value guide of the whole society. With the light hand of the publisher of the Apollo magazine K. S. Makovsky, the definition of the Silver Age in Literature began to refer to its heyday in the first two decades of the twentieth century, when representatives of symbolism, acmeism and futurism were rapidly changing in the literary arena. It so happened that the work of Kuprin, Gorky, Bunin and many other poets and writers remained beyond the framework of the Silver Age, although they were all without a doubt the glory of Russian literature of this era. And she always went on her own historical way. Therefore, Russian literature is so different from the literature of other European countries.
"Wind from the desert"
The fact is that the Silver Age in literature has caused a negative attitude of a whole group of famous writers and poets.Decadentism in the representation, for example, of Gorky was an extremely harmful and antisocial phenomenon. And Ivan Bunin compared the arrival of this generation of writers with a large and destructive wind from the desert. He also claimed that the abilities of almost all innovators are at a rather low level, that they are vicious in nature, mixed with deceitful, vulgar and speculative morale of the crowd, with a shameless thirst for fame and scandals. It should not be forgotten that all these statements were made in Soviet Russia, and one can only guess in what proportion they have a true attitude with the desire to show their loyalty to the new government ...
Features of the Silver Age
The concept of the “Silver Age” appeared only when all the major figures of these cultural and literary schools passed away. Their contemporaries preferred to use other terms, one of which is “modernism”. This definition accurately conveyed the ideas of that era regarding the creation of a new alternative literature in relation to the classical one, which many representatives of modernism did not accept at all.And the symbolists with their sharp articles and numerous scientific studies largely contributed to the affirmation of Pushkin as a poet of national importance. In 1922, Lenin prepared a list of artists and literature workers who were to be expelled from the country ... Thus ended the Russian Silver Age.