The story of one dictator.
Friends, today there will be a post about one African dictator - I dedicate this publication to all current and future elections of heads of state and members of parliament. When I studied its history, I could not get rid of the thought of how everything that happens there resembles some post-Soviet countries - adjusted for the wind in the form of a more developed society. Yes, political opponents do not eat here and don’t dump their bodies on the Nile, but corruption, propaganda and censorship very often resemble African ones.
In today's post, I will tell you about the Ugandan dictator Idi Amin - who has become, one can say, a classic tyrant and usurper, in whose life you can write textbooks in the style of "how to become a dictator in two weeks." Idi Amin's life was full of memes - once he declared himself "the conqueror of the British Empire and king of Scotland", and once Amin declared war on the United States, and when they didn’t answer, he declared himself the winner.
It would all be very funny when it would not be so sad.In general, go under the cat, tell you about it. Welladd friendsDo not forget)
How it all began.
Information about the early years of Idi Amin has been preserved a little, his exact date and place of birth are also unknown - they are called 1925 and 1928, and Kampala and Koboko are also called the place of birth. Amin himself, when he became a dictator, hid his exact date and place of birth in every possible way in order to "protect himself from witchcraft."
There are many legends about Amin’s parents, most of whom were invented by the tyrant himself - so, with his light hand, his mother, an ordinary nurse, suddenly turned into an “influential witch” who influenced the political processes in the country - all dictators love all mysticism and attribute themselves and their families extraordinary, magical properties.
Idi Amin attended a Muslim school, but until the end of the fifties he remained practically illiterate. In 1946, Amin, who had previously been a simple seller of sweet biscuits, went to serve in the British army - it was there that he got the nickname “Dada”, which means “sister” - Amin called all women that his colleagues found in his “sisters and apprentices” him in a tent.
Despite the fact that Amin joined the army only in 1946, later the official Ugandan propaganda would invent stories that Idi Amin took part in World War II, where he showed extraordinary courage, military ingenuity and cunning.
The ascent of the tyrant.
In 1962, Uganda gained independence, and Amin realized that his finest hour had come - he was getting closer to the people in power, and after a few years of subtle intrigues, Amin became commander-in-chief of the Ugandan armed forces - this happens in 1966 during a coup. Having received such powers, Amin begins to recruit Muslims from local tribes who are loyal to him to the army.
In October 1970, President Obote took over the functions of the commander-in-chief of the army, thereby lowering the status of Idi Amin, plus the president was also about to start the process against Amin, accusing him of embezzlement. Amin did not tolerate this and began decisive actions - in January 1971, while Obote was in Singapore, Amin seizes all state power in the country.
Immediately, propagandists, bought by Amin, entered the rally - the overthrown President Obote was accused of corruption and embezzlement, and Idi Amin was called "the only light at the end of the tunnel", "who if not Amin!".Amin himself immediately chose his own government, presented them all with a Mercedes, and immediately assigned himself the rank of field marshal and a life-long president — without becoming a mess with the constitutional changes.
At first, Idi Amin tried to be friends with all countries - both with Britain and the USSR. As it turned out later, this was done only in order to receive loans, which Amin was not going to return.
Skeletons in the fridge.
After receiving loans, the tyrant turned around in full power, saying that he was going to make reforms. The "reforms" consisted in the introduction of the ideas of socialism, extremist nationalism, racism and sexism into the Ugandan society, as well as the maximum centralization of the administrative apparatus.
In the first months of Amin’s rule, death squads were created, the first victims of which were 70 officers who opposed Amin during the coup. Idi Amin relied on the darkest sections of the population, setting them against the intelligentsia - he hated the latter especially and called them “national representatives”. Amin also gradually “cleaned up” his opponents - a lot of loud political assassinations took place in the Nil Hotel.
Another tyrant created his own National Guard under, which gave the authority to shoot at people and detain any person under the pretext of "disturbing order." People, as a rule, were simply killed, and then they demanded a ransom for their bodies from their relatives.
Every year the killings took place more and more often and became more and more widespread and cruel. The soldiers did not have time to dig the graves, the bodies of the executed were dumped in the Nile - several times the authorities temporarily stopped the hydroelectric station in Jinja, as the bodies of the dead were stuck in the water intake pipes.
Villa Idi Amin had a botanical garden in which there was a huge refrigerator — once Amin’s fifth wife, Sarah, asked the guard to open it — for which she was severely beaten by Amin. As it turned out later, in the giant refrigerator, Idi Amin kept parts of the bodies of his dead opponents, eating them. The refrigerator was repeatedly seen by foreign delegations from the USSR, but continued to support and finance the dictator.
No money, but you hold on.
Already in the first years after Amin’s leadership, the Ugandan economy began to collapse — the loans that had been gathered quickly went through, the country didn’t produce anything on its own, and even mining equipment needed foreign equipment and specialists.
The Bank of Uganda has ceased to limit the amount of printed currency, and it began to depreciate. At first, Ugandans did not really understand what was going on - saying “why do we need a dollar, we have our own currency!”, But then the standard of living began to plummet.
Go Amin needed a group of "national representatives", which he could blame for all the troubles. On August 4, 1972, Amin announced that he had a dream in which the higher forces called him to expel all "petty-bourgeois Asians" from the country - who were made guilty of economic collapse. All property expelled was distributed to the military - despite the fact that as much as 65% of GDP was spent on the army.
To hide his miscalculations in the economy, Amin decided to unleash a small victorious war - one of the parts of neighboring Tanzania was declared "originally Uganda", after which Amin brought in troops there. For large and small military victories, Amin rewarded himself with medals and orders - for which he extended his suit much.
The end of the usurper.
The war in Tanzania was the beginning of the end of Idi Amin. The troops of offended Tanzania launched a counter-offensive and entered Uganda. On April 11, 1979, Amin fled the capital — Kampala was captured by Tanzanian troops with the assistance of Ugandan partisans who had risen against the tyrant.
Go get Aminu run away.For a long time he lived abroad and opened a bank account in Saudi Arabia - where he credited funds that were taken by truck during the flight. In 1989, Amin, who quite seriously believed that the people missed him and was waiting for his return, tried to return to the country, but nothing came of this idea.
Until the last days, Amin received threats to his address, which caused him to suffer from high blood pressure and fell into a coma after unknown people even got through to his hospital ward - the relatives of those killed and tortured by the tyrant called.
Idi Amin died in Saudi Arabia on August 16, 2003. The next day, David Owen, the former British Foreign Secretary in 1977-79, said the historical phrase: “Amin’s regime was the worst of them all. We should be ashamed that we allowed it to exist for so long.”
So it goes. What do you think about dictator Idi Amin?
Write in the comments.