Vitamin B12 in ampoules. Cyanocobalamin (vitamin B12): instructions for use
The benefits of B vitamins have already been said a lot. Its representatives are of paramount importance. For example, in order for a woman to have a dazzling appearance, you need to regularly replenish your body with them. They are available, they can be purchased at any pharmacy. Vitamins are packaged in ampoules and can be both water-based and oil-based.
The role of vitamin B12 in the body
Cyanocobalamin (vitamin B12) was discovered in 1948. Isolated it from a raw liver. For a long time, scientists could not understand why patients who took raw liver in small quantities, managed to overcome malignant anemia.
Since then, vitamin B12 and its effects on the body are well studied, it remains only to understand that this is an expensive gift of nature, which should be used wisely. Vitamin B12 helps to avoid the effects of stress,it is he who with the help of vitamins B5, B9 and C helps block stress hormones, helps restore nerve cells and participates in building new ones, that is, is an active participant in the processes of amino acid biosynthesis and synthesis of DNA and RNA. The substance improves the process of blood coagulation, reduces the amount of cholesterol in it.
Vitamin B12 can be both obtained with food, and to replenish its composition with the help of tablets and injections. Cyanocobalamin is found in animal products, which is why vegetarians tend to suffer from a lack of it in the body. It is not synthesized in plants.
Use of vitamin b12
It is much more convenient to use vitamin B12 in ampoules. It is a slightly pink liquid. Indications for injection of cyanocobalamin can be trigeminal neuralgia, hepatitis, neurodermatitis, anemia, Down syndrome, as well as migraine, diabetic neuritis, radiation sickness, multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy. This vitamin affects reproductive function - both female and male. It has a beneficial effect on the human immune system.If there is an insufficient amount of vitamin B12 in the body of HIV-infected people, the disease progresses much faster.
You can not assign injections B12 in the presence of erythrocytosis, hypersensitivity to the drug, it is also necessary to exercise caution in malignant and benign tumors and angina pectoris.
How to make an injection of vitamin B12
As mentioned above, vitamin B 12 belongs to the group of vitamins. It is widely used by traditional medicine, as one of the components used to treat or prevent various diseases. Therefore, if cyanocobalamin is prescribed by a doctor, then this is not negotiable, but if someone has independently decided to pierce vitamin B12 in ampoules, the instructions for use in this case should be studied in detail.
First of all, you need to know that cyanocobalamin can be applied intravenously, subcutaneously, intramuscularly. Moreover, the instructions describe in detail that it cannot be used together with drugs that enhance blood clotting, you can also mix vitamins B1, B6 and B12 in one syringe, moreover, if a patient has an allergic reaction to vitamin B1, then B12 can significantly strengthen.It is impossible to combine cyanocobolamine with riboflavin and ascorbic acid, but colchicine, antiepileptic drugs and salicylates can reduce the degree of its absorption by the body. And there are many nuances that only a doctor can know, so only he can fully answer the question of how to prick vitamin B12.
The use of vitamin for various diseases
Vitamin B12 in ampoules, the price of which is quite acceptable - from 17 to 25 rubles, depending on the manufacturer, has a significant impact in the treatment of various diseases. As practice shows, many people pierce cyanocobalamin with the appearance of such signs of deficiency of this vitamin:
- headache and dizziness;
- fatigue and weakness;
- irritability, neuritis and nervousness;
- the appearance of ulcers on the tongue and in the mouth;
- pallor of the skin;
- loss of appetite, back pain and sleep disturbance.
This drug is prescribed by doctors for well-defined diseases and for their prevention. For which diseases is B12 prescribed, how to prick it correctly?
The course for prophylaxis can range from 7 to 15 days, while injections are made from 200 μg to 500 μg per day.
Diseases associated with the nervous system of the central and peripheral:
- the first 3 days daily at 200 mcg;
- the next 4 days daily at 300 mcg.
If within seven days no complications have occurred, then the course of treatment ends. In case of complications, the dose increases:
- 5 days daily at 400 mcg;
- the next 3 days daily at 500 mcg.
Another quite serious disease arising from the lack of B12 in the body is anemia. A characteristic feature of this ailment is that it develops almost asymptomatically and slowly, but, as a rule, affects the nervous system. In the course of treatment, cyanocobalamin is prescribed together with other drugs in a dose of 200 to 300 micrograms, if complications arise, it increases to 500 micrograms and is administered 1 or 2 times a day. When the patient's condition worsens, the dose can reach up to 1000 mcg. After 10 days it can be reduced, but for another 3 months the daily rate will be 300 μg of vitamin. And after the end of the treatment, for one half year, one injection is given in two weeks.
An overdose of vitamin B12
Before piercing vitamin B12 in ampoules, it is useful to familiarize yourself with the consequences in case of overdose: if the body is hypersensitive to this substance, then a large dose may cause an allergic reaction, which will manifest as urticaria (rash on the body and mucous membranes), as well as pain in the heart, tachycardia, increased nervousness.
It should be remembered that a surplus of cyanocobalamin is very difficult then to remove from the body.
Vitamin B12 in hair care
Cyanocobalamin is a great helper in hair care. At home, the vitamin can be added to shampoo, making it vitaminized. It is also added to hair masks. For example, an excellent mask against hair loss - mix one teaspoon of honey and lemon juice and add to the mixture one ampoule of vitamin B6 and B12. Apply the mixture on clean hair, hold for 10 minutes, then rinse. Repeat the procedure five times a week.
But, as is well known, external use is always inferior to internal one by results. What to do if vitamin B12 cannot be used in the form of injections due to the individual characteristics of the organism,and while you want to have beautiful hair? In such cases, it is best to include enough foods containing cyanocobalamin in your diet.
What foods contain vitamin B12
Most of the vitamin B12 in the liver is beef or calf, but chicken and pork liver also contain it in large quantities. It is also found in seafood, such as crabs and oysters, in fish, egg yolks, meat, hard cheese, in dairy and fermented milk products.
Now in large quantities are offered fortified mixtures, for example, oatmeal, muesli in the form of breakfast cereals. In fact, it is hardly possible to find the indicated amount of vitamins there, because long-term storage contributes to its reduction, and the preservatives contained in such products are harmful.
There is another caveat: vitamin B 12 is resistant to heat, which means that it does not break down when cooking. But at the same time, it is directly affected by direct sunlight.
Reviews on the effect of cyanocobalamin on the body
As many reviews indicate, vitamin B 12 in ampoules, when properly administered, allows you to solve many problems.With his help, they even achieved weight loss, and in general he fights perfectly with the deposition of fat in the liver. Perhaps, this vitamin belongs to the category of those about which nothing bad can be said, except in cases when most consumers overdose, or when they started taking the drug without consulting a doctor, and the body reacted with an allergic reaction. To avoid unpleasant moments and taking a vitamin has benefited, it is better to consult a doctor. It is possible that he will even appoint some specific tests, and then, based on their results, he will set for you the rate and the regimen of administration.