What is the difference between a psychologist, a psychiatrist and a psychotherapist? How to understand to whom in what situation to apply?

What is the difference between a psychologist, a psychiatrist and a psychotherapist? How to understand to whom in what situation to apply?

  1. Basic concepts in the provision of psychotherapeutic care:

    A psychotherapist in the Russian Federation is a doctor who has a higher medical education and has a specialization in psychotherapy. Helps people with neuroses - completely curable diseases, contributes to the personal growth of the patient. Mentally ill with acute serious mental illnesses people do not treat, advises to apply to a psychiatrist.
    A psychiatrist in the Russian Federation is a doctor who has a certificate in the specialty "psychiatry". He can advise mentally healthy people and treat mentally ill people with serious mental illnesses of people, prescribe drugs, conduct an examination of people and determine the degree of their mental health and capacity.
    Psychologist: a person with a psychological education. Can: conduct trainings, help with the choice of profession, test the level of intelligence, identify abilities, advise, issue recommendations. It can not: diagnose, treat, help with the choice of medicines, identify the presence of diseases. Communication with a psychologist in the presence of signs of neurosis does not replace a visit to a doctor.
    Psychoanalyst: A type of psychologist who has a special additional education in the field of psychoanalysis (kind of psychotherapy). In the register of medical specialties of the Russian Federation this specialty is absent. Has the right to engage in psychotherapy. It can not: diagnose, treat, help with the choice of medicines, identify the presence of diseases. Communication with a psychoanalyst if available
    signs of a depressive neurosis does not replace a visit to a doctor.

    The information received by the therapist from the patient is completely confidential, the health workers, the patient's relatives, the patient's work is NOT INFORMED (Law of the Russian Federation).
    Referral from another doctor for treatment to a psychotherapist is NOT REQUIRED (Law of the Russian Federation).
    A patient who turns to a psychotherapist does not take it into account (Law of the Russian Federation).
    Appeal to the therapist to get a driver's license and a license for weapons DOES NOT HURT.
    A qualified neurologist, therapist, cardiologist, in the presence of signs of neurosis, will recommend a psychotherapist, but he will not take neurosis himself.

    According to the World Health Organization (WHO), for the last 65 years the number of people suffering from neuroses has increased by 24 times. These diseases affect people of all ages.
    The average age of onset of neurosis is 6 years: in boys 5; girls 6,5 years.
    Frequent in Russia neuroses: depressive or depressed, obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorder or panic attacks, social phobia or social neurosis, cardioneurosis or neurosis of the heart, conversion reaction or hysterical neurosis, irritable bowel syndrome, posttraumatic stress disorder, anorexia nervosa and bulimia.
    The difference between neurosis and psychosis.
    Psychosis is a mental illness, treated by psychiatrists.
    Neurosis is a completely curable disease that is treated by psychotherapists.
    Psychosis-Starts invisibly
    Neurosis-Has a clear beginning (as a rule, it is preceded by a trauma or chronic chronic stress).
    Psychosis-Is manifested by mental disorders
    Neurosis-manifests not as psychic, but mostly
    Vegetative, somatic and affective disorders.
    The Psychosocial patient does not realize that he has a disease
    Neurosis-Ill suffer greatly because of its problem, retains a critical attitude towards reality.
    Psychosis-leads to a change in the personality of the patient
    Neurosis-The personality of the patient remains the same.
    Psychosis-Difficult to heal
    Neurosis-If not run, this is a reversible state.
    For the decision of a question on the diagnosis and treatment address internally to the doctor.
    Detailed information on the site Psychotherapy for all.

  2. The psychologist delves into your past and present, and analyzes if you have a spiritual drama or, for example, the boss at work offended =), (without medicines); The psychiatrist treats patients with organic brain lesions-true mad ones, and violent ones including, drugs and shock therapy are mandatory, as well as registration in a psycho-dispensary and a life-long stigma; psychotherapist, with the help of medications and various methods of psychotherapy, (musical, for example), treats those who have a roof moved out, but not really, but, for example, against some stresses, depressions or cerebral circulatory disorders, but to a psychiatrist is too early for them, and it's too late for a psychologist; D
  3. Psychiatrist and psychotherapist-medical workers, psychologists, no.
  4. When a person wants to feel himself:
    not worse than others - go to a psychologist,
    as everyone - to a psychiatrist,
    best of all in the world - to a psychoanalyst,
    poorer than a neighbor - to a psychotherapist.
  5. Video - on the topic.
  6. A psychiatrist and a psychotherapist are doctors, and a psychologist is a consultant.
  7. with mental disorders to a psychiatrist, and with psychological problems - to a psychologist. Psychotherapists, as I have heard only by the spikes and are growing.
  8. The psychologist listens to your problems personal experiences and tries to help you - that is, in effect a paid "friend" - you can contact him if you are simply worried, depressed,
    The psychiatrist - is engaged in treatment by prescription of medicinal preparations - to it it is not necessary to go it or him to you will cause or you if necessary will deliver to him
    The psychotherapist is essentially the same as the psychiatrist
  9. A psychotherapist is a doctor. A person who has higher medical education and has passed specialization in psychotherapy. A practicing psychologist is not a doctor, therefore he can not prescribe medications (if necessary) (the same antidepressants in cases of severe clinical depression or sedatives in panic attacks or phobias).

    A psychiatrist is also a doctor, however a doctor who works with "more serious mental states". The difference between a psychotherapist and a psychiatrist is that the psychotherapist owns (must own) the methods of psychotherapeutic interaction with the patient. Psychotherapeutic interaction is a therapeutic interaction, during which a person has the opportunity to more objectively consider his mental problem, turn to his internal resources, experience "forgotten" experiences, receive support. Unfortunately, this is not always possible with the help of a doctor-psychotherapist in a polyclinic. Since the clinic does not have enough time in the clinic not only to conduct an individual session of psychotherapy, but also often just to listen carefully to the patient.

  10. The psychologist generally has no right to medical practice. Moreover, psychologists now position themselves mostly failed graduates of pedagogical institutes. The psychiatrist is treating mentally ill people. The psychotherapist is a borderline condition. Neuroses, for example.
  11. psychiatrist and psychotherapist - doctors
    a psychologist is not a doctor, he is just an analyst. he can not be cured, but he can listen and analyze the problem.
    if you do not have someone to say - go to a psychologist
    if you are really sick - to a therapist
    psychiatrist-this doctor already in a hospital heals
  12. The psychiatrist is a PHYSICIAN who cures mental illness.
    The psychologist works with healthy people with psychological problems.
    Psychotherapy - a medical model used for many mental, nervous and psychosomatic diseases, borderline disorders; psychological model - providing psychological help to healthy people in situations of various kinds of psychological difficulties, and also in case of need to improve the quality of life of the patient. The difference is in honey. models are used medicines, hypnosis, etc., it is important to remove or alleviate the symptoms, while in the psychological - to create conditions for the optimal functioning of the personality and its development.
  13. Hello. In general, all the writers are right. Додовление: the psychologist is the expert on the phenomena of a person's inner world (feelings, emotions, experiences). Non-medical therapist c. t. h. The psychoanalyst is the expert in the field of application of concrete psychol. influences (the humanities with 2 formations), and a psychiatrist and a doctor-psychotherapist are doctors. Anatoly Snegova, psychologist-consultant.


Related news

What is the difference between a psychologist, a psychiatrist and a psychotherapist How to understand to whom in what situation to apply What is the difference between a psychologist, a psychiatrist and a psychotherapist How to understand to whom in what situation to apply What is the difference between a psychologist, a psychiatrist and a psychotherapist How to understand to whom in what situation to apply What is the difference between a psychologist, a psychiatrist and a psychotherapist How to understand to whom in what situation to apply What is the difference between a psychologist, a psychiatrist and a psychotherapist How to understand to whom in what situation to apply What is the difference between a psychologist, a psychiatrist and a psychotherapist How to understand to whom in what situation to apply What is the difference between a psychologist, a psychiatrist and a psychotherapist How to understand to whom in what situation to apply What is the difference between a psychologist, a psychiatrist and a psychotherapist How to understand to whom in what situation to apply What is the difference between a psychologist, a psychiatrist and a psychotherapist How to understand to whom in what situation to apply What is the difference between a psychologist, a psychiatrist and a psychotherapist How to understand to whom in what situation to apply