Who Leonid Brezhnev saw as his successor

Who Leonid Brezhnev saw as his successor

In November 1982, Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev, who had served as General Secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU since 1964, died. Yu.V. was appointed chairman of the funeral commission. Andropov. A few days later he took the place of the Secretary General. Did Brezhnev want to see him as his successor? Or did the aged leader have other plans for this?

From Romanov to Scherbitsky

Since 1977, Brezhnev's health began to deteriorate rapidly. He suffered several strokes, suffered from cerebral arteriosclerosis.

Of course, Brezhnev understood that he was not eternal and it was necessary to choose for himself a worthy successor. Back in 1976, he began to look closely at the head of the Leningrad party organization, Grigory Romanov. He said that Romanov was the most capable worker in the whole Central Committee and, after some preparation, could well have taken the chair of the general secretary.

Soon after that, a rumor was launched that allegedly Romanov took “rent” for the wedding of his daughter in 1974 the sets of the royal family from the Hermitage’s storerooms and the guests broke some of the dishes.Naturally, he fell into disgrace and this was his career was completed.

In May 1980, Leonid Ilyich began to favor another party manager, Secretary of the Central Committee Konstantin Chernenko. But in October 1982, in a conversation with the head of the party cadres Ivan Kapitonov, he called the new name Shcherbytsky. Volodymyr Shcherbytsky headed the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine and was a trusted Brezhnev comrade-in-arms, had a great experience in political and economic activities. In addition, he was only 64 years old - quite a suitable age for a top manager.

- See this chair? - According to Kapitonov, asked the secretary general. - In a month Scherbitsky will be sitting in it. All personnel issues decide with this in mind.

But on the night of November 9-10, Brezhnev died. On November 15, a plenum of the Central Committee was to be held, at which organizational questions were to be decided. As expected, it was at this meeting that the General Secretary was going to present his “candidate” Scherbitsky to the members of the Politburo. However, I did not have time ...

Andropov's "conspiracy"

The name of Yuri Vladimirovich Andropov in conversations about a possible successor never emerged. Although he was one of those who contributed to the strengthening of the Brezhnev government in the 60s.Then Andropov served as head of the international department of the Central Committee. Brezhnev thanked him for his loyalty, appointing in 1967 the Chairman of the KGB of the USSR.

Yuri Vladimirovich, as it turned out, dreamed about the seizure of power in the state long before Brezhnev died. Back in the early 1970s, he staged a real military conspiracy against the Secretary General, rallying around him prominent generals and marshals from the Ministry of Defense. According to Andropov’s plan, they were to come to Leonid Ilyich and invite him to voluntarily resign, while retaining the post of a member of the Central Committee. However, for the resignation a convincing “official” reason was required, and the conspirators could not articulate it clearly.

Goal achieved

Andropov, obviously, was secretly engaged in preparing the ground for his “accession”. There were several strange deaths of people, to some extent interfered with this plan. In April 1976, the 72-year-old Minister of Defense of the USSR, Marshal Andrei Grechko, who had tense relations with Andropov, suddenly died. In 1978, the same thing happened to the secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU on agricultural issues Fedor Kulakov. Both were at their dacha, just fell asleep - and did not wake up.Both were distinguished by excellent health ... In October 1980, the first secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU of Belarus, Pyotr Masherov, died in a car accident. Two weeks later they were to be appointed chairman of the USSR Council of Ministers instead of disgraced Aleksey Kosygin. In January 1982, the Deputy Chairman of the KGB, General Semyon Tsvigun, was killed, whom Brezhnev asked to look after Andropov. According to the official version, he shot himself in the courtyard of his service dacha with a pistol of his own guard. In the same January, the faithful Brezhnev associate, secretary of the Central Committee, Mikhail Suslov, was at a planned medical examination in the Kremlin hospital. In the evening, he was given some kind of pills, and at night he had a stroke ... On May 24, 1982, Andropov occupied the office of Suslova. On the afternoon of November 9, he met with Brezhnev. And on the morning of November 10, the secretary general was found dead. Accident?

68-year-old Yuri Vladimirovich eventually managed to get his way and take the desired post. However, by that time his health had been undermined so much that he was able to hold out in the secretary-general’s chair for just over a year, becoming, in the opinion of some historians and political scientists, the “forerunner of perestroika”.

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Who Leonid Brezhnev saw as his successor

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Who Leonid Brezhnev saw as his successor

Who Leonid Brezhnev saw as his successor

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